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ὀφθαλμός , , (ὄπωπ-α, ὀφ-θῆναι,
A.v. ὄψ B) eye, used by Hom. and Hes. mostly in pl.; “ὀφθαλμοὶ δ᾽ ὡς εἰ κέρα ἕστασαν . . ἀτρέμας ἐν βλεφάροισιOd.19.211: sg., παίειν τινὰ ἐς τὸν . Hdt.9.22: the pl. continued most common, but the dual also occurs, as in Ar.Nu.362: pl. is used in many phrases, ἐλθέμεν ἐς ὀφθαλμούς τινος before one's eyes, Il.24.204; οὐδ᾽ Ἀχιλῆος ὀφθαλμοὺς εἴσειμι ib.463; ὀφθαλμοῖσιν ἰδεῖν, ὁρᾶσθαι, etc., 10.275, Od.4.47, etc.; but ἐν ὀφθαλμοῖσιν ὁρᾶν, νοεῖν, to see before one's eyes, 8.459, Il.24.312; ἔχειν ἐν . to have before one's eyes, X.An.4.5.29; τὰ ἐν . what is before one's eyes, Pl.Tht.174c; τὸ ἐν τοῖς . δὴ γελοῖον what was ridiculous to the eye, Id.R.452d; ἐπίπροσθε τῶν . Id.Smp.213a; “πρὸ τῶν . προφαίνεσθαιAeschin.2.148; “ἐπ᾽ ὀφθαλμῶνLuc. Tox.20; γενέσθαι τινὶ ἐξ ὀφθαλμῶν to get out of any one's sight, Hdt.5.106; “ἐξ . ἀποπέμψασθαιId.1.120; “ἐξ . ποιεῖνAlciphr. 3.20; κατ᾽ ὀφθαλμοὺς λέγειν τινί to tell one to one's face, opp. εἰς οὖς, Ar.Ra.626; τυράννου κατ᾽ . κατηγορεῖν to accuse him to his face, X. Hier.1.14: sg. in the phrase πρὸς ὀφθαλμὸν ἐπιχεῖν, μίσγειν, by eye, PHolm.7.23, PLeid.X.62; eyes were painted on the bows of vessels, “βλοσυροῖς κατὰ πρῷραν ὀφθαλμοῖς οἷον βλέπειPhilostr.Im.1.19, cf. IG22.1607.24, Poll.1.86; whence the joke in Ar.Ach.97.
2. στέρησις ὀφθαλμῶν temporary loss of sight, Gal.17(1).400.
II. in sg., the eye of a master or ruler, πάντα ἰδὼν Διὸς . Hes.Op.267; “Δίκης . ὃς τὰ πάνθ᾽ ὁρᾷMen.Mon.179; “δεσπότου .X.Oec.12.20; ἀκοίμητος ., of God, Secund.Sent.3; so a king is called “. οἴκωνA.Ch.934 (so “ὄμμαPers. 169); and in Persia ὀφθαλμὸς βασιλέως the king's eye was a confidential officer, through whom he beheld his kingdom and subjects, A.Pers.979(lyr.), Hdt.1.114, Ar.Ach.92, X.Cyr.8.2.10 sq., Arist.Pol. 1287b29, Ph.1.642; cf. οὖς.
III. the eye of heaven, ἑσπέρας ., νυκτὸς ., of the moon, Pi.O.3.20, A.Th.390; also οὐράνιος ., of the sun, Secund.Sent.5.
IV. the dearest, best, as the eye is the most precious part of the body, hence of men, . Σικελίας, στρατιᾶς, Pi.O.2.10, 6.16; also, light, cheer, comfort, “μέγας <γ᾽> . οἱ πατρὸς τάφοιS.OT 987, cf. E.Andr.406.
V. eye or bud of a plant or tree, Alcm.43, Ion Eleg.1.6, Hp.Nat.Puer.26, X.Oec. 19.10, Thphr.HP1.8.5, etc.
VI. a surgical bandage covering one or both eyes, Hp.Off.7, Heliod. ap. Orib. 48.29,30.
VII. Archit., in dual, the disks forming the centres of the volutes of an Ionic capital, IG12.374.291.
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hide References (33 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (33):
    • Aeschines, On the Embassy, 148
    • Aeschylus, Libation Bearers, 934
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 169
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 979
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 390
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 362
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 626
    • Euripides, Andromache, 406
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.114
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.120
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.106
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.22
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 267
    • Homer, Odyssey, 19.211
    • Homer, Odyssey, 4.47
    • Homer, Odyssey, 8.459
    • Plato, Republic, 452d
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 174c
    • Plato, Symposium, 213a
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 987
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 4.5.29
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 8.2.10
    • Xenophon, Hiero, 1.14
    • Xenophon, Economics, 12.20
    • Xenophon, Economics, 19.10
    • Homer, Iliad, 10.275
    • Homer, Iliad, 24.204
    • Homer, Iliad, 24.312
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 92
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 97
    • Hippocrates, De officina medici, 7
    • Lucian, Toxaris vel amicitia, 20
    • Philostratus the Lemnian (Philostratus Major), Imagines, 1.19
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