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ὀψώνιον , τό, (ὄψον, ὠνέομαι)
A.salary, reckoned in money, “τό τε . καὶ σιτομετρίαν καὶ τὸ ἔλαιονPCair.Zen.507.5, cf. 421.6, 483.14, 498.5 (all iii B. C.); ἵνα ἡμῖν . προστεθῇ καὶ σιτάριον ib.49.4 (iii B. C.); μετρήματα καὶ . corn- and money-payments, UPZ14.26 (ii B. C.); “φυλακιτῶνPPetr.3p.230 (iii B. C.); of a bank clerk, PCair.Zen.342.6 (iii B. C.): distd. from γραμματικόν (bonus on turnover), PStrassb.105.4 (iii B. C.); χωρὶς ὀψωνίων, of unsalaried services, Inscr.Prien.121.34 (i B. C.).
2. a policeman's pay, PLille25.55 (iii B. C.), PFay.302 (ii B. C.), IG9(2).1109.27 (Thess., ii/i B. C.); freq. a soldier's pay, PStrassb.103.16 (iii B. C.), PTheb.Bank6.7 (ii B. C.), Plb.6.39.12: so in pl., pay of an army, Rev.Ét.Anc.33.8 (Theangela, iv/iii B. C.), OGI 229.106 (iii B. C.), SIG410.19 (iii B. C.), 581.34 (ii/i B. C.), Plb.1.67.1, 3.25.4, LXX 1 Ma.3.28, Aristeas 22.
3. allowance paid to a victorious athlete, PRyl. 153.25 (ii A. D.), CPHerm.54.7, al. (iii A. D.); allowance or scholarship paid to a music-student, “προδοῦναί μοι τὸ . καὶ τὸ κατὰ μῆνα ἀνάλωμαPCair.Zen.440.6 (iii B. C.); allowance to a son or daughter, BGU665 ii 15 (i A. D.), POxy.898.31 (ii A. D.); to a slave, distd. from ἱματις μός, PCair.Zen.28.6, 100.14 (iii B. C.).
4. wages of labour, τὰ σώματα ἐνοχλεῖ ἡμᾶς τὰ . ἀπαιτοῦντα ib. 43.2, cf. 27.2, al., PPetr.2p.113 (all iii B. C.), POxy.974 (iii A. D.); “ἀρτάβην κριθῆς εἰς λόγον ὀψωνίωνPTeb.420.24 (iii A. D.): metaph., ὀψώνια ἁμαρτίας the wages of sin, Ep.Rom.6.23.
5. a magician's fee, PMag.Par.1.2454.
6. gratuity to tax-farmers, UPZ112v3 (pl.).
7. = ὄψον 1.1 (cf. Lat. obsonium), τῶν ἀνηλωμάτων πάντων σίτου καὶ ὀψωνίων ib.91.13 (ii B. C.).—The word is rejected by Phryn. 393. First used by Men.1051 (no context); “ᾔτησεν εἰς . τριώβολονThugen.2. Glossed ὀψωνία, also (in pl.) κέρδη, χαρίσματα, by Phot.
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hide References (6 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (6):
    • New Testament, Romans, 6.23
    • Polybius, Histories, 1.67.1
    • Polybius, Histories, 33.8
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.25.4
    • Polybius, Histories, 6.39.12
    • Old Testament, 1 Maccabees, 3.28
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