previous next
οὐσί-α , Ion.
A.-ιηHdt.1.92, 6.86.ά, SIG167.26 (Mylasa, iv B. C.); Dor. ἐσσία , ὠσία (qq. v.): : (ὀντ-, part. of εἰμί sum):—that which is one's own, one's substance, property, Hdt., S.Tr.911 (s. v. l.), E. HF337, Hel.1253 (pl., Fr.354 (s. v. l.)), Ar.Ec.729, Lys.18.17, Pl.R. 551b, SIGl.c., etc.; opp. τὰ σώματα (civil status), And.1.74; “καλῶς . . ἐπεμελήθη τῶν οὐσιῶν ὑπὲρ τοῦ δημάρχουBSA24.154 (Attica, iv B.C.); εἰ ἐκεκτήμην οὐ. if I had been a man of substance, Lys.24.11; “ὑπὲρ τὴν οὐ. δαπανᾶνDiph.32.7; “πατρῴαν οὐ. κατεσθίεινAnaxipp.1.32, cf. Critias 45 D.; φανερὰ οὐσία real property, immovables, And.1.118; opp. ἀφανής, Lys.32.4; freq. of estates in Egypt, PTeb.6.23 (ii B. C., pl.), BGU650.3 (i A. D.), OGI665.30 (i A. D.), etc.
II. in Philos., like Ion. φύσις (with which it is interchanged in various uses, e. g. Philol. 11, Pl.R.359a, 359b, Arist.PA646a25, Thphr.HP6.1.1), stable being, immutable reality, opp. “γένεσις, ὅτιπερ πρὸς γένεσιν οὐσία, τοῦτο πρὸς πίστιν ἀλήθειαPl.Ti.29c, cf. Sph.232c; “ὧν κίνησις γένεσιν παραλαβοῦσα ἀέναον οὐ. ἐπόρισενId.Lg.966e; “γένεσις μὲν τὸ σπέρμα, οὐ. δὲ τὸ τέλοςArist.PA641b32, cf. 640a18, etc.; “ὁδὸς εἰς οὐσίανId.Metaph.1003b7: hence, being in the abstract, opp. non-being (τὸ μὴ εἶναι), Pl.Tht.185c.
2. substance, essence, opp. πάθη ('modes'), Id.Euthphr.11a; “πάθη οὐσίαςArist.Metaph.1003b7; opp. συμβεβηκότα ('accidents'), Id.APo.83a24, PA643a27; “ φύσις [τῆς ψυχῆς] καὶ οὐ., εἶθ᾽ ὅσα συμβέβηκε περὶ αὐτήν An.402a8.
4. the possession of such a nature, substantiality, “ἔτι ἐπέκεινα τῆς οὐ. πρεσβείᾳ . . ὑπερέχοντοςPl.R. 509b.
5. in the concrete, the primary real, the substratum underlying all change and process in nature, applied by Arist. to the atoms of Democritus, Fr.208; to “τὰ ἁπλᾶ σώματαId.Cael.298a29, cf. Metaph. 1017b10; “πᾶσαι αἱ φυσικαὶ οὐ. σώματα μετὰ σωμάτων γίγνονταιId.Cael.298b3, al.; “ταὐτὸν σῶμα καὶ οὐσίαν ὁριζόμενοιPl. Sph.246a; but also, νοητὰ ἄττα καὶ ἀσώματα εἴδη . . τὴν ἀληθινὴν οὐ. ib.b.
6. in Logic, substance as the leading category, Arist. Cat.1b26, Metaph.1045b29; αἱ πρῶται οὐ. (individuals), αἱ δεύτεραι οὐ. (species and genera), Id.Cat.2b5, 2a15 (but “ ἄνθρωπος καὶ ἵππος . . οὐκ ἔστιν οὐ. ἀλλὰ σύνολόν τιId.Metaph.1035b29, cf. σύνθετος or συνθέτη οὐ. ib. 1043a30, de An.412a16); “ μὲν ψυχὴ οὐ. πρώτη, τὸ δὲ σῶμα ὕληId.Metaph.1037a5; “ ψυχὴ οὐ. ὡς εἶδος An.412a19; οὐ. ἐντελέχεια ib.21; [“ψυχὴ] οὐ. τοῦ ἐμψύχουId.Metaph.1035b15; of the abstract objects of mathematics, “μονὰς οὐ. ἄθετος, στιγμὴ δὲ οὐ. θετόςId.APo.87a36.
7. after Pl. and Arist. in various uses, as ἄποιος οὐ., = ὕλη, Zeno Stoic.1.24; κατὰ οὐσίαν, opp. κατὰ δύναμιν ἐνέργειαν, Polystr.p.12 W.; πᾶς νοῦς ἀμέριστός ἐστιν οὐ. Procl.Inst.171, cf. Plot.2.4.5, 2.6.1, 4.7.8, 6.1.2, al.
8. Pythag. name for I, Theol.Ar.6.
III. name of a plaster, Aët.15.15,45.
IV. αἱ οὐ. fireresisting substances, Zos.Alch.p.168 B.; of the four σώματα (copper, tin, lead, iron), Ps.-Democr. ap. eund.p.167 B.
V. in Magic, a material thing by which a connexion is established between the person to be acted upon and the supernatural agent, e.g. a hair, “λαβὼν βελόνην διείρων τὴν οὐ. εἰς αὐτήνPMag.Par.1.2949, cf. PMag.Osl. 1.73; mould from a tomb, PMag.Par.1.435; κυνοκεφάλου οὐ., . . κυνὸς οὐ., = κόπρος (cf. 2460), ib.2687, etc.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
How to enter text in Greek:
hide References (24 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (24):
    • Andocides, On the Mysteries, 118
    • Andocides, On the Mysteries, 74
    • Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae, 729
    • Euripides, Helen, 1253
    • Euripides, Heracles, 337
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.92
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.86
    • Lysias, On the Confiscation of the Property of the Brother of Nicias, 17
    • Lysias, On the Refusal of a Pension, 11
    • Lysias, Against Diogeiton, 4
    • Plato, Laws, 966e
    • Plato, Republic, 509b
    • Plato, Republic, 551b
    • Plato, Republic, 359a
    • Plato, Republic, 359b
    • Plato, Euthyphro, 11a
    • Plato, Phaedo, 65d
    • Plato, Phaedo, 92d
    • Plato, Sophist, 232c
    • Plato, Sophist, 246a
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 185c
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 245e
    • Plato, Timaeus, 29c
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 911
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: