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πάτρα_ , Ion. and Ep. πάτρη , , (πατήρ)
A.fatherland, native land, Il. 12.243, 24.500, Pi.O. 12.16, A.Pr.665, S.Ph.222, IG42(1).244.8 (Epid., epigr., iii B.C.), etc., used in parody of Trag. by Ar.Ach. 147, Ra. 1427, Th.136, Alex.193, Diph.73.9 :—πατρίς (q.v.) was the common prose form, but Hdt. uses πάτρη in 6.126, 128, πατρίς in 3.140, 8.61.
II. fatherhood, descent from a common father, ἀμφοτέροισιν όμὸν γένος ἠδ᾽ ἴα π. Il.13.354 (nowh. else in this sense in Hom.) ; βασιλεὺς Ἰώνων ἀνὰ πάτρην by hereditary descent, IGRom.4.1730 (Samos, ii A.D.) : hence,
2. body of persons claiming descent from a common ancestor, house, clan, “π. ΜειδυλιδᾶνPi.P.8.38, cf. N.6.36, 8.46, IG5(2).495 (Megalopolis) ; also, of a union of families recognized by the state, ἰέναι αὐτοὺς καὶ ἐπὶ πάτρην ἣν ἂν πείθωσιν ib.12(8).267.10 (Thasos).
III. father's sister, aunt, IGRom.4.621 (Temenothyrae, iii A.D.) :—in form πατρεία , Keil-Premerstein Zweiter Bericht No. 138 (nr. Thyatira, ii A.D.) ; cf. πιάτρα, πινάτρα.
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hide References (11 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (11):
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 665
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 1427
    • Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae, 136
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.126
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.61
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.140
    • Homer, Iliad, 13.354
    • Homer, Iliad, 24.500
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 222
    • Homer, Iliad, 12.243
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 147
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