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πέπνυ_μαι , Ep. pf. Pass. with pres. sense,
2. more freq. to be wise, “πέπνυσαι . . νόῳ ιλ.24.377 ; οὔ σ᾽ ἔτυμόν γε φάμεν πεπνῦσθαι Ἀχαιοί23.440 ; imper. “πέπνυ^σοThgn.29 : plpf. with impf. sense, “τά περ ἄλλα μάλιστα ἀνθρώπων πέπνυ_σοOd.23.210 : most freq. in part. πεπνυμένος, of persons, Il.3.203, Od.3.52 ; also of things, π. μῦθος, π. μήδεα, 1.361, Il.7.278 ; “στόμαHsch.; πεπνυμένα ἀγορεύειν, βάζειν, etc., Od.19.352, Il.9.58, etc.; once in Hes., “πεπνυμένα εἰδώςOp.731 ; in later Prose, “πεπνυμένη ῥῆσιςAnaxarch. 1 ; “τὰ θεῖα πεπνυμένοςPlu.Num.4 ; αἱ (v.l. οἱ π. the experts, Aret. SD2.11.—In aor. opt. Pass., πνυθείης ἀκόνιτον understand it, Nic.Al. 13.
3. breathe, “ζῶντες καὶ πεπν. ἄνδρεςPlb.6.47.9; “εἰκόνεςId.6.53.10. (From root πενυ^- which becomes πινυ^- in πινυτός (cf. Σικυών from Σεκυών, Λιβύη from Λεβύα, ἀπινύσσω ; πνυ_-also in pr. n. Πνυταγόρας, πνυτός : not cogn. with πνέω, with which however it soon began to be confused, cf. “ἄμπνυτο, ἀναπνέω1.1.)
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hide References (14 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (14):
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 731
    • Homer, Iliad, 7.278
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.58
    • Homer, Iliad, 3.203
    • Homer, Odyssey, 10.495
    • Homer, Odyssey, 23.210
    • Homer, Odyssey, 1.361
    • Homer, Odyssey, 19.352
    • Homer, Odyssey, 3.52
    • Polybius, Histories, 1.1
    • Polybius, Histories, 6.47.9
    • Polybius, Histories, 6.53.10
    • Aretaeus, De causis et signis acutorum morborum (lib. 2), 2.11
    • Plutarch, Numa, 4
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