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περ (A), enclit. Particle, adding force to the word to which it is added, prob. a shortd. form of περί (q. v.) in the sense of
A.very much, however much.—Chiefly Ep. and Lyr.; also in Trag. with relats. and parts.:
1. in Hom. freq. with Adj. and part. ὤν, ἐπεί μ᾽ ἔτεκές γε μινυνθάδιόν π. ἐόντα all shortlived as I am, Il.1.352 ; φίλην π. ἐοῦσαν ib.587 ; “Ἰθάκης κραναῆς π. ἐούσης3.201 : mostly concessive like καίπερ (q. v.), ἀγαθός π. ἐών however brave thou art, 1.131, al.; “κρατερός π. ἐών15.164; “κύνεός π. ἐών9.373; δουρικτητήν π. ἐοῦσαν ib.343; “μέγαν π. ἐόντα5.625: so in Trag., “ἄελπτά π. ὄνταA.Supp.55(lyr.); “γενναῖός π. ὤνS.Ph.1068 : with a Subst., “ἀλόχῳ π. ἐούσῃIl.1.546 ; “γυνή π. οὖσαA.Th.1043 : with Adj. and Subst., “λιγύς π. ἐὼν ἀγορητήςIl.2.246 : with καί preceding, “καὶ κρατερός π. ἐών15.195, etc.: with the part. ὤν omitted, φράδμων π. ἀνήρ however shrewd, 16.638; “κρατερός π.21.63 ; χερείονά π. 17.539 ; καὶ θεός π. A.Ag.1203, cf. 1084 : with parts., ἱεμένων π. however eager, Il.17.292 ; καὶ ἀχνύμενός π. ἑταίρου grieved though he was for . . , 8.125.
II. after Conjs. and relat. words, with which it commonly coalesces:
1. after hypothetical Conjs., v. εἴπερ.
2. after temporal Conjs., ὅτε π. just when, Il.4.259, 5.802, etc.; ἦμος . . π. 11.86; ὅταν π. S.OC301, etc.; πρίν π. before even, Il.15.588.
3. after causal Conjs., v. ἐπείπερ, ἐπειδήπερ ; δι᾽ τι π. just because, Hdt.4.186.
5. after the comp. particle, v. ἤπερ, ἠέπερ.
6. after καί, v. καίπερ.
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