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πλείων , πλέων , , , neut. πλεῖον, πλέον, πλεῖν, Comp. of πολύς (on the forms v. sub fin.),
II. pecul. usages of neut.:
1. as a Noun, more,πλεῦν ἔτι τούτουHdt.2.19, etc.; “εἴ τι ἐνορῶ πλέονId.1.89; τὸ δὲ π. nay, what is more, E.Supp.158 (Musgr. for τί δὲ . . ); to a greater extent, Th.1.90, 7.57, etc.; πλέον or τὸ πλέον τινός a higher degree of a thing, “τίς πλέον τᾶς εὐδαιμονίας φέρει;S.OT1189 (lyr.); “τὸ π. τοῦ χρόνουTh.1.118, etc.; also τὸ π. ἀναφέρει the excess which he reports, PCair.Zen.661 (iii B.C.); πλεῖον the excess, prob. in PPetr.2p.42 (iii B.C.), cf. PCair.Zen.742.26 (iii B. C.); πλέον ἔχειν to have the advantage, have the best of it, like πλεονεκτέω, c. gen., Hdt.9.70, Pl.R.343d, 349b, etc.; “τὸ π. πάντων ἔχεινX.Cyr.1.3.18: more fully, “μοίρης πλεῖον ἔχεινThgn.606; “π. τινὸς φέρεσθαιHdt.8.29; “π. φέρεσθαι τῶν ἄλλωνAnd.4.4, etc.; π. ποιεῖν do some good, be successful,βουλοίμην ἂν πλέον τί με ποιῆσαι ἀπολογούμενονPl.Ap.19a; οὐδὲν π. ποιήσειν, -ῆσαι, And.1.149, 4.7, cf. Pl.Phd. 115c, etc.; “παραινοῦσ᾽ οὐδὲν ἐς π. ποιῶS.OT918; “οὐδὲν π. ὀψοφαγῶν ποιήσειςAth.8.344b; “οὐδὲν εἴργασμαι π.E.Hipp.284; “οὐδὲν π. πρᾶξαιId.IA1373, And.4.20, etc.; οὐδὲν ἐπίσταμαι π. have no superior knowledge, Pl.Tht.161b; τί πλέον; what more, i.e. what good or use is it? Antipho 5.95, etc.; “τί π. πλουτεῖν . . πάντων ἀποροῦντας;Ar.Pl.531; “τί σοι π. λυπουμένῃ γένοιτ᾽ ἄν;E.Hel.322; “τί π. ἔστ᾽ εἰς τέκνα πονεῖν;Supp.Epigr.1.567.1 (Karanis, iii B.C.), cf. AP7.261.1 (Diotim.); also “οὐδὲν ἦν π. τοῖς πεπονθόσινLys.19.4 (= And.1.7), cf. D.35.31; “ὧν οὐδέν μοι π. γέγονεIsoc.15.28; “οὐδέν γέ σοι π. ἔσταιPl.R.341a; “τί τὸ π.;Epigr.Gr.306a.3; ἐπὶ πλέον as Adv., more, further, Hdt.2.171, 5.51, Th.6.54, Pl.Phdr.261b, etc.: c. gen., beyond,ἐπὶ π. τῶν ἄλλων ἰσχύσαςTh.1.9 (but, “ἐπὶ τὸ π. ἵκεο μοίσαςto surpassing height in . . , Theoc.1.20); also “ὅταν τις ἐς π. πέσῃ τοῦ θέλοντοςS.OC1219 codd. (lyr.); περὶ πλείονος ποιεῖσθαι, v. περί A. IV.
2. as Adv., more, rather, π. ἔφερέ οἱ γνώμη κατεργάσεσθαι τὴν Ἑλλάδα he inclined rather to the belief . . , Hdt.8.100; “οὐ τοῦτο δειμαίνεις π.;A.Pr.41; “σέ . . τῶνδ᾽ ἐς πλέον σέβωS.OT700; “ π. ἔλαττονD.18.125; π. ἔλαττον more or less, BGU402.9 (vi A. D.), IG14.177 (Syracuse); also τὸ π., Ion. τὸ πλεῦν, for the most part, Th.1.81, etc.; αὐτῆς τὸ π. μέτοχός εἰμι have the larger share, Hdt.3.52; τὸ π., = μᾶλλον, οὐ χάριτι τὸ π. φόβῳ Th.1.9, cf. 2.37; ἐστὶν πόλεμος οὐχ ὅπλων τὸ π., ἀλλὰ δαπάνης not so much . . , as . . , Id.1.83.
c. Com., πλεῖν μαίνομαι more than to madness, Ar. Ra.103,751.
d. pl. πλείω used like πλέον, Th.1.3, Pl.R.417b, D. 23.213, etc.; “τὰ π.Th.1.81; “πλέωA.Ag.868 codd.
e. regul. Adv. “πλειόνωςAen.Tact.7.4, J.AJ17.1.1.
B. FORMS: Ep. use πλείων or πλέων as metre requires, also nom. and acc. pl. πλέες, πλέα^ς, Il.2.129, 11.395, Call.Aet.Oxy.2080.85 (so, with ι from ε, Cret. πλίες, πλίας, Leg.Gort.7.18,24, GDI5125 B8, also πλίαδ δὲ) Leg.Gort.7.29, πλίανς ib.5.54; πλέας also Aeol., IG12(2).1.9 (Mytil., iv B. C.)); dat. pl. “πλεόνεσσιIl.13.739 (πλεόνεσιν is f.l. in Hdt.7.224); Cret. also acc. sg. neut. “πλίονLeg.Gort.1.37, al., gen. πλίονος ib.2.39, al., neut. pl. πλίονα ib.4.51, πλία ib.10.17; Aeol. πλήων Hdn.Gr.2.431, also late Dor., IPE12.79.18 (Byzant., i A. D.); Att. Inscrr. have -ει- always before -ου- and -ω-, IG12.76.7, 22.657.25, 2498.22, etc., but -ε- and -ει- before -ο-, ib.12.94.33,40.3,4, 22.2670.4 (but always πλέον).
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