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πλεῖστος , η, ον, Sup. of πολύς,
2. with Art., “οἱ π.the greatest number, Id.4.90, etc.; τὸ π. τοῦ βίου the greatest part of . . , Pl.Lg.718a, etc. (also same gender as the foll. Noun, π. τοῦ βίου, π. τῆς στρατιᾶς, Th.1.5, 7.3); “τῇ ὄψει τοῦ θαρσεῖν τὸ π. εἰληφότεςId.4.34; “τῷ πλούτῳ διδοὺς τὸ π.E.Supp.408.
II. Special usages: with relat., ὅσας ἂν πλείστας δύνωνται καταστρέφεσθαι subdue the greatest number that they possibly could, Hdt.6.44; “ὡς ἂν δύνωνται πλεῖσταIG12.98.4, cf. 109.10, 113.37; “ὁπόσσω κα πλείστω ἄξιος Berl.Sitzb.1927.160 (Cyrene); “ὅς κα πλεῖστον διδῷ ἀποδόμενοιLeg.Gort.5.48; “ὡς π. χρόνονPl.Grg.481b; “ὅτι π.Th.6.64, etc.: coupled with εἷς (q.v.), “εἷς ἀνὴρ π. πόνον ἐχθροῖς παρασχώνA.Pers.327: in comp. sense, “πλείστον ἄξια ὥς τις οἴεταιHp.Art.57 (but πλεῖστα is corrupt in Hdt.2.35).
III. Adv. usages: “πλεῖστονmost, Il. 19.287, Hes.Th.231, etc.; “ὡς π.X.An.2.2.12: sts. added to a Sup., “π. ἐχθίστηS.Ph.631; “π. ἀνθρώπων . . κάκιστοςId.OC743; “τὴν π. ἡδίστην θεῶνE.Alc.790: πλεῖστα as Adv., Pi.P.9.97, S.OC720, etc.; “πολλάκις μὲν . . , π. δὲ . .Pl.Hp.Ma.281b; π. χαίρειν, freq. in letters, POxy.742 (i B.C.), etc.
b. furthest,π. ἀφεστηκέναιPl.R.587a, Arist. Mu.391a13.
2. with Art., τὸ π. at most,ἡμερῶν τεσσάρων τὸ π.Ar.V.260, etc.; “τὰ π.for the most part, Pl.Criti.118c, etc.; opp. ἐνίοτε, Arist.HA563a31.—The form πλείστως is cited by Gal.17(1).855 from Hp.Epid.6.1.10 (πλεῖστα codd.).
IV. with Preps.:
1. διὰ πλείστου furthest off, in point of space or time, Th.4.115,6.11.
3. ἐπὶ πλεῖστον over the greatest distance, to the greatest extent, in point of space, time, or extent, “ἐπὶ π. χλιδῆς ἀπίκετοHdt.6.127; “ἐπὶ π. τοῦ γενησομένουTh.1.138; “ἐκ τοῦ ἐπὶ π.Id.1.2; ἐπὶ π. ἀνθρώπων ib.1; ὡς ἐπὶ π. or ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ π., for the most part, Id.4.14, Pl.Lg.720d.
4. κατὰ τὸ π. for the most part, Plb.11.4.7, etc.
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hide References (42 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (42):
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 327
    • Aristophanes, Wasps, 260
    • Euripides, Alcestis, 790
    • Euripides, Suppliants, 408
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.35
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.126
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.44
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.127
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.220
    • Hesiod, Theogony, 231
    • Homer, Iliad, 19.287
    • Homer, Odyssey, 4.697
    • Plato, Laws, 718a
    • Plato, Laws, 720d
    • Plato, Republic, 587a
    • Plato, Gorgias, 481b
    • Plato, Protagoras, 342a
    • Plato, Critias, 118c
    • Plato, Greater Hippias, 281b
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 720
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 739
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 743
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 631
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.2
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.115
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.90
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.3
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.5
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.14
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.64
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.36
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 2.2.12
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 7.1.23
    • Homer, Iliad, 15.616
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.377
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 478
    • Polybius, Histories, 11.4.7
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.34
    • Hippocrates, De articulis, 57
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.138
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.11
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