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πλεον-άζω (rarely πλειονάζω , q.v.), fut. -άσω: pf.
A.πεπλεόνακαD.S.1.90:—Pass., pf. “-ασμαιHp.Fract.7, etc.: aor. “-άσθηνId.Art.47: (πλέον):—to be more, esp. to be more than enough, superfluous, opp. ἐλλείπειν, ὑπολείπειν, Arist.EN1106a31, Col.799a18; τὸ πλεονάζον the excess, PRev.Laws 57.13 (iii B. C.), LXXEx.26.12; π. παρά c. acc., to be in excess of . . , ib.Nu.3.46; “ἐπλεόνασεν ἁμαρτίαEp.Rom.5.20; of animals, have more than the due number of limbs, opp. κολοβὰ γίνεσθαι, Arist.GA770b32; of visits, to be frequent, Plb.4.3.12; of the sea, encroach, Arist.Mete.351b6, cf. Plu.2.366b; πάθος defined as ὁρμὴ πλεονάζουσα, Zeno Stoic.1.50; εἰκασία ἐστὶ μεταφορὰ πλεονάζουσα simile is expanded metaphor, Demetr.Eloc. 80; “τὸ ς_ πλεονάσανused to excess, D.H.Comp.14: Gramm., to be redundant, Demetr.Lac.Herc.1012.21, etc.; “Ἀρίσταρχος οὐκ ἔλεγε πλεονάζειν τὸ ἄρθρονA.D.Synt.6.2; also of letters, τὸ ε_ πλεονάζει (in ἑ-ώρων) Id.Pron.58.25; but π. τῷ ι_ to have an added ι_ (as in ἐμεῖο), ib. 38.20; cf. 111.6.
2. c. gen., exceed, opp. λείπω, Ptol.Geog.1.20.7: abs., τὸ -άζον ἔργον the extra work, PLille 1v.16 (iii B. C.); τοὺς -άζοντας τῶν ρκέ (sc. ἐρίφους) the odd 25 out of 125, PCair.Zen.422.7 (iii B. C.).
II. of persons, go beyond bounds, take or claim too much, Isoc.2.33, 12.85, D.9.24, 39.14: c. dat., presume upon . . ,εὐτυχίᾳTh.1.120; but “π. κυνηγεσίαιςgo beyond bounds in . . , Str.11.5.1; of a writer, “τοῖς ὀνόμασι π.Id.3.3.7: abs., to be lengthy, tedious, Id.9.1.16, D.S.1.90, LXX2 Ma.2.32; περί τινος Parmenisc. ap. Ath.4.156d.
2. π. τινός have an excess of, abound in a thing, opp. ἐνδεὴς εἶναι, Arist.Pol.1257a33, cf. Epicur.Sent.4; but π. τοῦ καιροῦ exceed all bounds . . , of a writer, D.H.Comp.22.
III. c. acc., state at a higher figure, Str.6.3.10:—Pass., to be magnified, exaggerated, [“νομίσειεν ἂν] ἔστιν πλεονάζεσθαιTh.2.35, cf. Str.2.4.3; πεπλεόνασται has been overdone, opp. ἐνδεὲς πεποίηται, Hp.Fract.7, cf. Art.47.
2. make to increase,τινὰς τῇ ἀγάπῃ1 Ep.Thess.3.12.
3. eat in too great quantity, τι Diph.Siph. ap. Ath.8.356d, Dsc.4.75, 82 (all Pass.).
4. raise the price of, τι Aristid.1.170J.
5. Pass., to be deceived, prob. f.l. for πλεονεκτεῖσθαι, Stob.2.7.11m.
7. to be in excess of unity, partake of plurality, Procl.Inst.2.
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hide References (23 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (23):
    • Aristophanes, Plutus, 5
    • Demosthenes, Philippic 3, 24
    • Demosthenes, Against Boeotus 1, 14
    • Isocrates, Panathenaicus, 85
    • Isocrates, To Nicocles, 33
    • Old Testament, Exodus, 26.12
    • New Testament, Romans, 5.20
    • Strabo, Geography, 11.5.1
    • Strabo, Geography, 2.4.3
    • Strabo, Geography, 3.3.7
    • Strabo, Geography, 6.3.10
    • Polybius, Histories, 4.3.12
    • Strabo, Geography, 9.1.16
    • Hippocrates, De articulis, 47
    • Hippocrates, De fracturis, 7
    • New Testament, 1 Thessalonians, 3.12
    • Old Testament, 2 Maccabees, 2.32
    • Old Testament, Numbers, 3.46
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.120
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.35
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 1.90
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, De Compositione Verborum, 14
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, De Compositione Verborum, 22
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