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πόλος , , (πέλω, πέλομαι, πολέω)
A.piuot on which anything turns, axis:
2. pole of this axis, ἄνω, κάτω π., Arist.Cael.285b9, cf. Mete.362a33; π. φανερός, ἀφανής, Id.Cael. 285b21; π. ἀρκτικός, ἀνταρκτικός, Id.Mu.392a2; π. βόρειος, νότιος, Hipparch.1.4.1, 1.8.14, cf. Gem. 16.11, Cleom.1.4, Ptol.Alm.2.6; “π. τοῦ ὁρίζοντοςthe zenith, Euc.Phaen.p.18 M.; λόξωσις τοῦ π. inclination of the pole (of the zodiac), Ocell.2.23.
b. pole-star, Eratosth. Cat.2.
3. celestial sphere, vault of heauen, sky, A.Pr.429 (lyr.), E.Fr. 839.11 (anap.); “ἄστρων π.Id.Or.1685 (anap.), cf. eund.Eleg.2; “τὸ τοῦ π. τοῦ παντὸς ἡμισφαίριονAlex.261.7; “ὀρνίθων π.Ar.Av.179; “ψυχὴ δ᾽ αἰθέριον κατέχει π.Epigr.Gr.225 (Ephesus); “ἀπ᾽ ἀντολίης πόλον ἥλατο χρύσεα κύκλα ἠελίουAP14.139 (Metrod.).
b. ὑπὸ τὸν αὐτὸν π. in the same latitude, Gal.17(1).16.
4. orbit of a star, Pl.Epin.986c.
5. crown of the head, Hsch.; the whole head, Poll.2.99.
II. centre of the circular threshing-floor, X.Oec.18.8.
III. pole passing through the axle-tree of a carriage, as a shock-absorber, D.S.18.27.
IV. concave sun-dial (called πόλος from being shaped like the vault of heaven), on which the shadow was cast by the γνώμων, Hdt.2.109, Ar.Fr.163: fem. in Luc.Lex.4.
2. διακόσμησις τοῦ π. organization of the calendar, OGI56.46 (Canopus, iii B. C.).
V. head-dress, worn by goddesses, e.g. Aphrodite, Paus.2.10.5; Tyche, Id.4.30.6.
VI. Archit., dowel, IG22.1675.4, al.
VII. crescent-shaped projection on a machine for reducing dislocations, Philistion ap. Orib.49.4.37.
VIII. windlass, capstan, BGU544.24 (pl., ii A. D.).
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hide References (11 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (11):
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 429
    • Aristophanes, Birds, 179
    • Euripides, Orestes, 1685
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.109
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2.10.5
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 4.30.6
    • Plato, Epinomis, 986c
    • Plato, Timaeus, 40c
    • Xenophon, Economics, 18.8
    • Lucian, Lexiphanes, 4
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 18.27
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