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πολέμ-ιος , α, ον, also ος, ον E.Supp.1192, Ar.Av.344 (lyr.):—
A.of or belonging to war,κάματοιPi.P.2.19; “ὅπλαExpl.Arch. de Délos 11.140; “τὰ π.war and its business, Hdt.5.78, Th.4.80 (s.v.l.), etc.; “παρασκευάζεσθαι τὰ π.Id.1.18.
II. more freq. of or like an enemy, hostile,ἄνδρεςPi. P.1.80; “χείρId.N.4.55; “χθώνA.Th.588; δόρυ ib.216, etc.; “ἄνδρα π. ἐχθρόν τεS.Ph.1302; π. δυσμενῆ τε ib.1323; π. τινί hostile to one, Hdt.1.4, E.Hec.1138; “π. πῦρ νεύροιςHp.Art.11.
b. freq. as Subst., enemy, Hdt.1.87, Pi.P.1.15, etc.; “οἱ π.the enemy, Th.1.84, 2.43, etc.
c. τὸ φύσει π. natural hostility, Id.4.60; τὸ π. τῶν Ἀθηναίων towards them, Id.5.11.
III. of or from the enemy,φόβοςA.Th.270; “φρυκτοίTh.2.94; “φίλια καὶ π. ναυάγιαLys.2.38; “τριήρειςIG22.29.15; πολέμια, τά, enemy's wares, contraband, Ar.Ach. 912; π. (sc. γῆ, χώρα) the enemy's country, X.Cyr.3.3.16, etc., cf. S.Aj.819.
IV. Adv. -ίως in hostile manner,φιλίως, οὐ π.Th.3.65, cf. 66, etc.; “π. ἔχειν τινίX.Cyn.7.11: Sup. “-ιώτατα, διακείμενοςSIG741.19 (Epist. Mithrid., i B.C.).—πολέμιος is older than πολεμικός, being always used by Pi. and Trag., and mostly by Hdt. and Th.; in X. and later writers, πολέμιος is mostly used in the sense of hostile, πολεμικός in that of warlike, skilled in war.
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hide References (27 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (27):
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 216
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 270
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 588
    • Aristophanes, Birds, 344
    • Euripides, Hecuba, 1138
    • Euripides, Suppliants, 1192
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.4
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.87
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.78
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.47
    • Lysias, Funeral Oration, 38
    • Plato, Protagoras, 334b
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 819
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 1302
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 1323
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.60
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.84
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.43
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.65
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.80
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 3.3.16
    • Xenophon, On Hunting, 7.11
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 912
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.18
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.94
    • Hippocrates, De articulis, 11
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.11
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