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πρα_ν-ής , ές, Ion. πρηνής (also in Arist.Mete.350a11, Spir.484b29, Fr.106, J.AJ18.3.1, 19.8.2, Plu.2.680a, Tim.11, Gal.UP2.2, 7.22, PMag.Par.1.194, etc.), gen. έος, Att. contr. οῦς:—of posture,
A.with the face downwards, lying on the front, falling forwards, opp. “ὕπτιος, πρηνεῖς τε καὶ ὕπτιοι ἔκπεσον ἵππωνIl.11.179; “ἐκ δίφροιο . . ἐξεκυλίσθη πρηνὴς ἐν κονίῃσιν ἐπὶ στόμα6.43, cf. 2.418, 4.544, Hes.Sc.365; “πρηνὴς ἐπὶ γαίῃ κεῖτο ταθείςIl.21.118; mostly with Verbs of falling, πρηνὴς κάππεσε, ἤριπε, ἐλιάσθη, 16.413, 5.58, 15.543; πρηνέα . . τανύσσας [Ἕκτορα] 23.25; “κατὰ πρηνὲς βαλέειν Πριάμοιο μέλαθρονheadlong down, 2.414; “π. γενόμενοςAct.Ap.1.18 (fort. = πρησθείς becoming distended); ἐπὶ τὸ πρηνὲς ῥέπειν incline towards pronation, Hp.Fract. 1; “ἐς τὸ π.Id.Mochl.8; of the arm and hand, with the palm downwards, v.l. in Fract.2; opp. ὕπτιος, Arist.Spir. l.c., Plu.Tim.11; of “ἀστράγαλοι, ὀρθοὶ πίπτοντες πρηνεῖςId.2.680a, cf. Poll.7.204; of seeds, hollow side downwards, Thphr.HP2.6.1; of a ship, bottom upwards, implied in Plu.Tim.l.c.
II. of parts of animals or man, that part which is uppermost and visible when the animal or man is in the πρανής position (the normal one for a quadruped), the back part, “τὰ τετράποδα . . ἐν τοῖς ὑπτίοις οὐκ χει τὰς τρίχας, ἀλλ᾽ ἐν τοῖς πρανέσι μᾶλλον: οἱ δ᾽ ἄνθρωποι τοὐναντίον ἐν τοῖς ὑπτίοις μᾶλλον ἐν τοῖς πρανέσινArist.PA658a17, cf. HA498b20, 519a21, 540a2, GA717b30.
2. of leaves and of the hand, the back or 'wrong' side, “τὰς ἶνας καὶ τὰς φλέβας ἐν τοῖς π. ἔχουσιν ὥσπερ χείρThphr. HP1.10.2 (misunderstood as the opposite by Plin.HN16.88), cf. 3.14.2.
2. convex, Arist.Mete.350a11.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (25):
    • Hesiod, Shield of Heracles, 365
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.179
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.413
    • Homer, Iliad, 21.118
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.414
    • Homer, Iliad, 4.544
    • Homer, Iliad, 5.58
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.25
    • Flavius Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, 19.8.2
    • Flavius Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, 18.3.1
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 1.5.8
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 4.8.28
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 2.2.24
    • Xenophon, On the Art of Horsemanship, 3.7
    • Xenophon, On the Art of Horsemanship, 8.6
    • Homer, Iliad, 15.543
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.418
    • Homer, Iliad, 6.43
    • Hippocrates, De fracturis, 1
    • Hippocrates, De fracturis, 2
    • New Testament, Acts, 1.18
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 3.14
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 16.88
    • Plutarch, Sulla, 18
    • Plutarch, Timoleon, 11
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