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πρέσβυ^ς , Pi.P.4.282, A.Ag.530, εως or εος (v. infr. 11), , voc.
A.πρέσβυ^E.Or.476, Ar.Th.146:—old man (poet. for prose πρεσβύτης), in this sense only used in nom., acc., and voc., “ π. ΠόλυβοςS.OT941; “Φοῖνιξ π.Id.Ph.562; “δριμὺς π.Ar.Av.255 (lyr.); “πατέρά πρές βυνS.Ph.665; “πρέσβυId.OT1013, 1121; “ πρέσβυE. l. c., Ar. l. c.; “ π.the elder, A. Ag.184 (lyr.), 205 (lyr.), 530; cf. πρέσβα, πρέσβειρα, πρεσβηΐς, πρέσβις: pl. πρέσβεις, elders, three times in Trag., always voc. (v. infr. 111), A. Pers. 840, S.OT 1111, E.HF247; for πρεσβῆ, πρεσβῆες, πρισγεῖες, v. πρεσβεύς: Comp. and Sup. are the only forms found in Hom., Comp. πρεσβύτερος, α, ον (late “πρεσβυτερωτέραPLond.2.177.15 (i A. D.)), elder, Il.11.787, 15.204, Hdt.2.2, etc.; πλεῖν 'νιαυτῷ by more than a year, Ar.Ra.18; πρεσβυτέρα ἀριθμοῦ older than the fit number, Pi. Fr.127; βουλαὶ πρεσβύτεραι thy counsels wise beyond thy years, Id.P.2.65; “γνώμη π. τῆς ἡλικίαςD.H.5.30; “οἱ σοφοὶ καὶ π.Arist.EE1215a23; of animals, Id.HA546a7; “ἵππος π. ἤδη ὤνrather old, PCair.Zen. 225.8 (iii B. C.); also “δένδρα π.Thphr.CP1.13.8; ἐπὶ τὸ π. ἰέναι become older, Pl.Lg.631e; “ἵνα μὴ π. ὢν ῥέμβωμαιin my old age, PCair. Zen. 447.9 (iii B. C.): Sup. πρεσβύτατος, η, ον, eldest, Il.4.59, 11.740, Hes.Th.234, etc.; “π. γενεῇIl.6.24; as a term of respect, “ἐγὼ παλαιότατός εἰμι σὺ δὲ π.Plu.Nic.15; of animals, Arist.HA546a4, al. : for the poet. forms πρέσβιστος, πρεσβίστατος, v. πρέσβιστος, and cf. πρεῖγυς.
II. = πρεσβευτής, ambassador, in nom. sg. only cj. in A. Supp.727 (v. πρέσβη) and in Prov. ap. Sch.Il.4.394 (v. πρέσβις (A)); gen. “πρέσβεωςAr.Ach.93 (at end of line); “πρέσβεοςChoerob. in Theod. 1.233: dual πρέσβει (written πρεσβε) IG12(1).977.45,57 (Carpathos, iv B. C.): pl. πρέσβεις, Dor. uncontr. πρέσβεες ib.14.952.11 (Acragas, iii B. C.) (at first more freq. than πρεσβευταί (q. v.)), Ar.Ach.61, IG12.52.1, 22.1.20, al., D.19.183; acc. “πρέσβειςIG12.46.24, Foed. ap. Th.4.118, X.HG4.8.13; gen. πρέσβεων, dat. πρέσβεσι, Ar.Ach.76,62, IG22.1.7.
III. at Sparta a political title, president, τῶν ἐφόρων ib.5(1).51.6, 552.11; νομοφυλάκων ib.555b19; βιδέων ib.556.6; συναρχίας ib.504.16; τῆς φυλῆς ib.564.3; [σφαιρέων] ib.675.5; gen. sg. πρέσβεως ib. 504.16, al.
2. Comp. πρεσβύτερος, elder, alderman,τῆς κώμηςBGU 195.30 (ii A. D., pl.), cf. POxy.2121.4 (iii A. D.), etc.; “ἐκρίθημεν ἐπί τε Νουμηνίου καὶ ἐπὶ τῶν π.PCair.Zen.520.4 (iii B. C.), cf. UPZ124.22, 36 (ii B. C.); τοῖς ἱερεῦσι καὶ (both) “τοῖς π. καὶ τοῖς ἄλλοις πᾶσιOGI194.3 (Egypt, i B. C.); οἱ π. τῶν ὀλυροκόπων ib.729 (Alexandria, iii B. C.); “π. τῶν γεωργῶνPTeb.13.5 (ii B. C.); “π. γέρδιοιIGRom.1.1122 (Theadelphia, ii A. D.); τέκτονες π. ib.1155 (Ptolemaïs Hermiu, i A. D.): elder of the Jewish Sanhedrin, Ev.Matt.16.21, etc.; later, elder of the Christian Church, presbyter, Act.Ap.11.30, 20.17, 1 Ep.Ti.5.19, POxy.1162.1 (iv A. D.), etc.; of the Apostles, 2 Ep.Jo.1.1, 3 Ep.Jo.1.1.
IV. wren, Arist.HA609a17, 615a19, Hsch.; cf. σπέργυς. -βυ-, Cret. -γυ- (in πρεῖγυς), cogn. with Skt. -gu in vanar-gú- 'one who lives or moves in the forest', Lith. žmogùs 'man' (lit. 'one who moves on the ground'); πρεσ- cogn. with Lat.prae, pris-tinus; the oldest sense of π. is 'going in front, taking precedence'.)
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (44):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 111
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 530
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 11
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 840
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    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 93
    • Aristophanes, Birds, 255
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 18
    • Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae, 146
    • Demosthenes, On the False Embassy, 183
    • Euripides, Heracles, 247
    • Euripides, Orestes, 476
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.2
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.63
    • Hesiod, Theogony, 234
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.740
    • Homer, Iliad, 4.59
    • New Testament, 2 John, 1.1
    • New Testament, 1 Timothy, 5.19
    • Plato, Laws, 631e
    • Plato, Laws, 717b
    • Plato, Republic, 548c
    • Plato, Symposium, 218d
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 1121
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 1365
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    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.61
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 4.8.13
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.787
    • Homer, Iliad, 15.204
    • Homer, Iliad, 4.394
    • Homer, Iliad, 6.24
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 184
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 205
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 61
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 62
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 76
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.118
    • Plutarch, Nicias, 15
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 5.30
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