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πρόξενος (πρόξενφος IG9(1).867 (Corc., vii/vi B. C.)), Cret. πρόξηνος GDI 5028 A2,6, Schwyzer187 (ii B. C.), Ion. πρόξεινος Hdt. (v. infr.): , when used of a woman, v. infr. 11):—
A.public ξένος, public guest or friend, made so by an act of the State: Alexander 1 of Macedon was π. καὶ εὐεργέτης of Athens, Hdt.8.136, cf. 143; “πρόξενοι ἀμφικτιόνωνPi.I.4(3).8; “εἶναι πρόξενον τοῦ δήμου τοῦ Ἀθηναίων Στράτωνα τὸν Σιδῶνος βασιλέα καὶ αὐτὸν καὶ ἐκγόνουςIG22.141.9; “πρόξενοι καὶ πολῖταιLys.28.1; esp. of persons representing the interests of a foreign state in their own community, Pl.Lg.642b, etc.; opp. φιδιόξενος (q. v.), IG9(1).333.11 (Locr., v B. C.); of π. of Athens in other states, Pindar at Thebes, Isoc.15.166; Thucydides at Pharsalus, Th.8.92; π. τῆς πόλεως, i.e. of Athens at Mytilene, Arist.Pol. 1304a10; of other states at Athens, Cimon and Callias of Sparta, And.3.3, X.HG5.4.22; Nicias of Syracuse, D.S.13.27; Thraso of Thebes, Aeschin.3.138; “ὅσους γέγραφε προξένους εἶναι καὶ ἈθηναίουςDin.1.45; of other states at Sparta, e.g. Lichas of Argos, Th.5.76; Clearchus of Byzantium, X.HG1.1.35; π. of barbarian communities and rulers, Id.An.5.4.2, 5.6.11; sts. the function was exercised by a community, “εἶμεν τὰν πόλιν τῶν Δελφῶν πρόξενον τᾶς πόλιος τᾶς Σαρδιανῶν . . διὰ τὸ μὴ ὑπάρχειν πρόξενον ΣαρδιανοῖςSIG548.10 (Delph., iii B. C.).
b. later, of patrons or representatives of guilds, e.g. the σύνοδος τοῦ Διὸς τοῦ Ξενίου at Athens, IG22.1012.18, cf.7.2486 (Thebes), 14.615 (Rhegium).
2. at Sparta, officials appointed by the Kings to entertain foreign guests, Hdt.6.57; also at Delphi, of persons extending public hospitality, E.Ion551,1039, Andr.1103; so in Nephelococcygia, Ar.Av.1021.
3. in pl., witnesses to a will, IG14.636 (Petelia).
II. generally, patron, protector, A.Supp.420 (lyr.), al., Ar.Th.602; φίλης γὰρ π. κατήνυσαν at the house of a kind patroness, i.e. Clytaemnestra, S.El.1451; “προξένῳ χρῆσθαί τινιE.Fr.721.
III. Adj., assisting, relieving, c. gen., Alciphr.3.72.
2. causing, producing, κακῶν, συμπτωμάτων, νόσων, Ruf.Fr.64, Mete.3.21, Sch.Ar.Nu.243.
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hide References (23 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (23):
    • Aeschines, Against Ctesiphon, 138
    • Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens, 420
    • Andocides, On the Peace, 3
    • Aristophanes, Birds, 1021
    • Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae, 602
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 13.27
    • Euripides, Andromache, 1103
    • Euripides, Ion, 1039
    • Euripides, Ion, 551
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.57
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.136
    • Isocrates, Antidosis, 166
    • Lysias, Against Ergocles, 1
    • Plato, Laws, 642b
    • Sophocles, Electra, 1451
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.76
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 5.4.2
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 5.6.11
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 1.1.35
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 5.4.22
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 243
    • Thucydides, Histories, 8.92
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