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πρόσχημα , ατος, τό, (προέχω)
A.that which is held before: hence,
I. that which is held before to cover, screen, cloak, τὸ σῶφρον τοῦ ἀνάνδρου π. Th.3.82; pretence, pretext, “πατὴρ . . σοὶ π. ἀεί, ὡς ἐξ ἐμοῦ τέθνηκενS. El.525; “τοῦτο π. ποιούμενοςLys.6.37; also π. τοῦ λόγου in the same sense, Hdt.4.167, cf. 6.133: c. gen., αὗται [αἱ πόλεις] π. ἦσαν τοῦ στόλου ib.44; “Φίλιππος γίγνεται π. τοῦ πολέμουPlb.11.5.4; τῷ τῆς τέχνης π. on the ground of . ., D.5.6; π. ποιεύμενος ὡς ἐπ᾽ Ἀθήνας ἐλαύνει making a pretence or show of marching against Athens, Hdt.7.157: c. inf., π. ποιούμενοι τοὺς ἐπὶ Θρᾴκης μὴ προδώσειν pretend that they will not . ., Th.5.30; “π. ἦν ἀμύνεσθαιId.1.96; also π. ποιεῖσθαι or ποιήσασθαί τι to put forward as a screen or disguise, Pl.Prt.316d, 316e, cf. 317a: πρόσχημα, as acc. abs., by way of pretext, Hdt.9.87; καλῶν ὀνομάτων καὶ προσχημάτων μεστή full of fair words and appearances, Pl.R.495d.
II. ornament, τῆς Ἰωνίης π., of Miletus, Hdt.5.28, cf. Plb.3.15.3; “τῆς ἙλλάδοςStr.10.2.3, cf. 11.11.1, Plu.Alex.17; τὸ κλεινὸν Ἑλλάδος π. ἀγῶνος, of the Pythian games, S.El.682; μετὰ προσχήματος ἀξίου τῆς πόλεως with a dignity, D.18.178; τὸ τοῦ γένους π. the nobility of his birth, OGI470.23 (i B.C./i A.D.); Ἀχιλλέα τιν᾽ Νιόβην . ., π. τῆς τραγῳδίας the pomp or show of tragedy, Ar.Ra.913; Δαρείου τὸ π. his pomp, Arist.Mu.398a12; of a person, π. ἑαυτῆς (sc. τῆς πόλεως) IG 12(7).395.17 (Amorgos).
2. outward appearance of a wound, f.l. in Hp. Ulc.24; aspect, τῆς ὅλης θεουργίας διττόν ἐστι π., τὸ ἱερατικὸν τῶν θεῶν π., Iamb.Myst.4.2.
3. costume, uniform, PMasp.334.12, PFlor.288.9 (both vi A.D.).
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hide References (25 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (25):
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 913
    • Demosthenes, On the Peace, 6
    • Demosthenes, On the Crown, 178
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.167
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.28
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.133
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.157
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.87
    • Lysias, Against Andocides, 37
    • Plato, Republic, 495d
    • Plato, Protagoras, 316d
    • Plato, Protagoras, 316e
    • Plato, Protagoras, 317a
    • Plato, Greater Hippias, 286a
    • Sophocles, Electra, 682
    • Sophocles, Electra, 525
    • Strabo, Geography, 10.2.3
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.30
    • Polybius, Histories, 11.5.4
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.15.3
    • Strabo, Geography, 11.11.1
    • Plutarch, Alexander, 17
    • Hippocrates, De ulceribus, 24
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.96
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.82
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