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προβολ-ή , , (προβάλλω)
A.putting forward, esp. of a weapon for defence, τὰ δόρατα εἰς προβολὴν καθιέναι to bring the spears to the rest, couch them, X.An.6.5.25 (nisi leg. προσβολήν)“᾿; [τὰ δόρατα] ἀποτεῖναι ἐς π.Arr.An.1.6.2; “κοντοὺς ὀρθοὺς ὡς ἐς π. φέροντεςId.Tact.43.2; ἵστανται ἐς π. ib.36.3; ἐν προβολᾷ θεμένα ξίφος bringing it to the guard, AP7.433 (Tymn.); ὁπλίτας ἑστῶτας ἐν π. standing with spear in rest, Plu.Caes.44, cf. Plb.2.65.11; ὑπελθεῖν τὴν π. τοῦ πολεμίου get under his guard, D.H.3.19; of a pugilist, “δοχμὸς ἀπὸ π. κλινθείςTheoc.22.120; “παγκρατίου προβολὰν διδάξαιIG42(1).122.53 (Epid., iv B.C.), cf.7.2470.3 (Thebes, iv/iii B.C.); Carneades προβολὴν pugilis . . similem facitἐποχῇCic.Att.13.21.3; ἀνέχοντες ἐν π. τὰς χεῖρας, of long-distance runners, Philostr.Gym.32; π. τῶν χειρῶν, of boxers, ib.34; “αἱ π. τοῦ σώματοςX.Cyn.10.22; τῆς φάλαγγος π. the phalanx with its pikes couched, Plb.18.30.1; “αἱ τῶν θυρεῶν π.Id.1.22.10, cf. Arr.Tact.37.5; of the legs, putting foremost, Arist.IA706a6.
2. putting forth,βλαστοῦGp.5.25.1.
3. putting forward of a plea or case, Hermog.Stat.4, al.
II. projection, prominence, π. τοῦ χείλεοςHp.Art.8, etc.; τῆς κεφαλῆς a prominence of the skull, Id.VC1; “τῆς γλώσσηςAret.SA1.7; π. ἀπὸ τοῦ χείλεος, of an elephant's trunk, Id.SD2.13, cf. Ael.NA5.41.
2. jutting rock, foreland, or tongue of land, S.Ph.1455 (anap., prob. for προβλής)“ ἐπὶ προβολῇσι θαλάσσηςQ.S.9.378, cf. D.P.1013, Plb.1.53.10; Νειλορύτου δῶρον ἀπὸ π., i.e. from the Delta of the Nile, AP9.350 (Leon.Alex.); also the spurof a hill, Plu.Crass.22.
3. head of a spear or “κέστρος11, Plb.18.29.3, 27.11.2.
4. projecting bridge, Id.3.46.4.
5. projection of a weapon from the soldier's body, Ael.Tact.14.3.
6. advanced body of cavalry, Arr.Tact.40.2, al.
7. rope for lowering buckets, PFlor.153 (iii A.D.), etc.
III. thing held before one as a defence, screen, bulwark,π. μεγάλη τῆς χώραςX.Mem.3.5.27; of the eyebrows, Id.Cyn.5.26; “τοῦ ὄμματοςArist.GA780b23; “ὅπως π. τοῖς . . σπλάγχνοις [τὸ νῶτον]Id.PA672a17: c.gen. objecti, defence against . . ,δείματος π. καὶ βελέωνS.Aj.1212 (lyr.); “θανάτουE.Or.1488 (lyr.); “καυμάτωνPl.Ti.74b; τοῦ ἡλίου, τῶν ἀνέμων, τοῦ ψύχους, Thphr.CP2.7.4, 3.10.4, 5.13.3; πρὸς τοὺς χειμῶνας ib.3.7.2.
3. front of a horse's hoof, Hippiatr.123.
IV. proposal of a person's name for election, Pl. Lg.765b, SIG976.10 (Samos, ii B.C.), CPR20.8 (iii A.D.), Cod.Just., al., Ps.-Ptol.Centil.83.
V. as law-term, a form of public process by presentation of a case to the assembly, D.21.193: pl., ib.11, Lex ib.8, 10; “τῶν συκοφαντῶν π. ἐποιησάμεθαAeschin.2.145, cf. X. HG1.7.35, Isoc.15.314, Arist.Ath.43.5, 59.2, Harp. s.v. καταχειροτονία.
VI. advance, loan, PSI6.666.10 (iii B.C.); π. εἰς τὸ ζῆν financial provision, means of livelihood, gloss on ἀφορμή, Sch.E. Med.342.
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hide References (41 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (41):
    • Cicero, Letters to Atticus, 13.21.3
    • Aeschines, On the Embassy, 145
    • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 59.2
    • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 43.5
    • Demosthenes, Against Midias, 193
    • Euripides, Medea, 342
    • Euripides, Orestes, 1488
    • Isocrates, Antidosis, 314
    • Plato, Laws, 765b
    • Plato, Statesman, 288b
    • Plato, Timaeus, 74b
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1212
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 6.5.25
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 1.7.35
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 3.5.27
    • Xenophon, On Hunting, 10.22
    • Xenophon, On Hunting, 5.26
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 1455
    • Polybius, Histories, 18.29.3
    • Polybius, Histories, 18.30.1
    • Polybius, Histories, 1.22.10
    • Polybius, Histories, 1.53.10
    • Polybius, Histories, 27.11.2
    • Polybius, Histories, 2.65.11
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.46.4
    • Hippocrates, De articulis, 8
    • Hippocrates, De capitis vulneribus, 1
    • Aretaeus, De causis et signis acutorum morborum (lib. 1), 1.7
    • Aretaeus, De causis et signis acutorum morborum (lib. 2), 2.13
    • Plutarch, Crassus, 22
    • Plutarch, Crassus, 11
    • Plutarch, Caesar, 44
    • Arrian, Anabasis, 1.6.2
    • Arrian, Tactica, 36.3
    • Arrian, Tactica, 37.5
    • Arrian, Tactica, 40.2
    • Arrian, Tactica, 43.2
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 3.19
    • Aelian, De Natura Animalium, 5.41
    • Philostratus the Athenian, Gymnastica, 32
    • Philostratus the Athenian, Gymnastica, 34
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