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προφήτ-ης , ου, Dor. and Boeot. προφάτας [α_], α, Pi. (v. infr.), Corinn.Supp.2.68: : πρό, φημί):— prop. who speaks for a god and interprets his will to man, Διὸς π. interpreter, expounder of the will of Zeus, of Tiresias, Pi.N.1.60; Βάκχου π., perh. of Orpheus, E.Rh.972; [Διονύσου] π., of the Bacchae, Id.Ba.551 (lyr.); Νηρέως π., of Glaucus, Id.Or.364; esp. of the Delphic Apollo, “Διὸς π. ἐστὶ Λοξίας πατρόςA.Eu.19; of the minister and interpreter at Delphi, Hdt.8.36,37; at the Ptoön, ib. 135, IG7.4135.13 (ii B.C.); cf. προφῆτις.
2. title of official keepers of the oracle at Branchidae, CIG2884, al., Supp.Epigr.1.426 (Milet., i A.D.); elsewhere, IG14.961, 1032, 1084, 2433 (Massilia), 9(2).1109.22 (Coropa, ii/i B.C.), etc.
b. in Egyptian temples, member of the highest order of the clergy, priest, “π. θεῶν ΕὐεργετῶνPTeb.6.3 (ii B.C.), cf. OGI56.59 (Canopus, iii B.C.), etc.
3. interpreter, expounder of the utterances of the μάντις (q.v.), Pl.Ti.72a: hence, of Poets, “Πιερίδων π.Pi.Pae.6.6; “Μουσᾶν π.B.8.3, cf. Pl.Phdr.262d.
4. possessor of oracular powers, of Amphiaraus, A.Th.611, cf. Ag.409 (lyr.); of Pseudo-Bacis, Ar.Av.972; of Epimenides, Ep.Tit.1.12.
5. generally, interpreter, declarer, “ἐγὼ π. σοι λόγων γενήσομαιE.Ba.211; π. ἀτόμων, of the Epicureans, Ath.5.187b; τῶν Πύρρωνος λόγων, of Timon, S.E.M.1.53; spokesman, LXX Ex.7.1.
b. metaph., proclaimer, harbinger, κώμου προφάτας, of the wine-bowl, Pi.N.9.50; “δείπνου π. λιμόςAntiph.217.23; “φθόης π.Pl.Com.184.4; “τέττιξ . . θέρεος γλυκὺς π.Anacreont.32.11.
II. herald at the games, B.9.28(pl.).
III. in LXX, revealer of God's will, prophet, 1 Ki.9.9,al.:— hence,
2. in NT, inspired preacher and teacher, organ of special revelations from God, 1 Ep.Cor.12.28, 14.32; and (as comprised in this),
b. foreteller, prophet of future events, Act.Ap.2.30, 3.18, 21, 2 Ep.Pet.3.2.
3. herbalist, Ps.-Dsc.1.10, al.; quack doctor, Gal. 16.761.
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hide References (19 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (19):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 409
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 19
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 611
    • Aristophanes, Birds, 972
    • Bacchylides, Epinicians, 8.3
    • Bacchylides, Epinicians, 9.28
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 211
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 551
    • Euripides, Orestes, 364
    • Euripides, Rhesus, 972
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.36
    • New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 14.32
    • New Testament, Titus, 1.12
    • Old Testament, Exodus, 7.1
    • Old Testament, 1 Samuel, 9.9
    • New Testament, 2 Peter, 3.2
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 262d
    • Plato, Timaeus, 72a
    • New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 12.28
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