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προστρόπ-αιος , Dor. ποτιτρόπαιος (A.Supp.362, Eu.176, both lyr.), ον, (προστροπή) prop.
A.turning oneself towards: hence,
1. of one who has incurred pollution by committing a crime and turns to a god or man to obtain purification, suppliant for purification, “τὸν προστρόπαιον, τὸν ἱκέτηνS.Ph.930, cf. A.Supp.362, Eu.234,445, S.Aj. 1173, E.Heracl.1015, etc.: as Adj., ἕδραν ἔχοντα π. A.Eu.41; “προστρόπαιοι λιταίS.OC1309.
b. suppliant for vengeance, A.Ch.286, Ag. 1587, Antipho 2.3.10.
2. of one who has not yet been purified after committing crime, polluted person, E.HF1259; π. τῆς πόλεως bringing pollution on the city, prob. in Eup.120; “αὑτοῦ π., μὴ γὰρ δὴ τῆς πόλεωςAeschin.2.158.
3. of pollution incurred, π. αἷμα blood that cries for vengeance, E.Ion 1260, HF1161; “οὐδενὶ οὐδὲν π. καταλείψειAntipho 3.4.9: neut. as Subst., guilt, “προστρόπαιον ἑαυτοῖς προσέθεντοD.C.42.3.
II. Pass. (= ἄν τις προστρέποιτο δεόμενος, Eust.1807.11), the god to whom the murdered person turns for vengeance, avenger, οἱ τῶν θανόντων π. Antipho 4.1.4, cf. 4.2.8, Plb.23.10.2 (pl.), Paus.2.18.2.
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hide References (22 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (22):
    • Aeschines, On the Embassy, 158
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1587
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 176
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 234
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 41
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 445
    • Aeschylus, Libation Bearers, 286
    • Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens, 362
    • Antiphon, First Tetralogy, 3.10
    • Antiphon, Second Tetralogy, 4.9
    • Antiphon, Third Tetralogy, 1.4
    • Antiphon, Third Tetralogy, 2.8
    • Euripides, Heracles, 1161
    • Euripides, Heracles, 1259
    • Euripides, Heraclidae, 1015
    • Euripides, Ion, 1260
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2.18.2
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1173
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1309
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 930
    • Polybius, Histories, 23.10.2
    • Cassius Dio, Historia Romana, 42.3
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