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πτῶσις , εως, , (πίπτω, πέ-πτωκα)
A.falling, fall, “κύβωνPl.R.604c, cf. Chrysipp.Stoic.2.282 (pl.); “κεραυνῶνArist.Mete.339a3, Plu.2.1005b (pl.); “ΦαέθοντοςPlb.2.16.13: metaph., π. τῆς ψυχῆς, opp. ἔπαρσις, Zeno Stoic.1.51 (pl.): abs., calamity, “ἐν καιρῷ πτώσεωςLXX Si.3.31, cf. Ex.30.12; “πτώσεις ἀνθρώπωνOrph.Fr.251, al.; death, Lyd.Ost.12, 14,20.
II. Gramm., mode or modification of a word, Arist.Po. 1457a18, al.; applied to cases, including nom., ib.20, Int.16b1: to genders, Id.SE173b27: to Sup. of Adjs., Id.Top.136b30: to Advbs., ib.15, Rh.1397a20: to Adjs. derived fr. nouns, e.g. χαλκοῦς, ib.1410a32: to tenses (exc. the pres.), Id.Int.16b17: so by the Stoics to variety of flexion, Stoic.3.263, but most freq. to cases of the Noun, περὶ τῶν πέντε π., title of work by Chrysipp., cf. D.T.634.16, etc.; κατὰ μίαν πτῶσιν indeclinable, A.D.Adv.165.10.
III. in the Logic of Arist., mood of syllogisms, APr.42b30.
b. arrangement of terms in a syllogism, Id.APo.94a12.
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hide References (5 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (5):
    • Aristotle, Poetics, 1457a.18
    • Old Testament, Exodus, 30.12
    • Plato, Republic, 604c
    • Polybius, Histories, 2.16.13
    • Old Testament, Ecclesiasticus, 3.31
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