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πύργος , ,
A.tower, esp. such as were attached to the walls of a city, Il.7.219, al., Hes.Sc.242, Hdt.3.74, al., Th.2.17, al., Plb.5.99.9, etc.: in pl., city walls or ramparts with their towers, Il.7.338, 437; in sg., “ἧντ᾽ ἐπὶ πύργῳ3.153, cf. 22.447; “πόλιος ἣν πέρι πύργος ὑψηλόςOd.6.262; “πέριξ δὲ πύργος εἶχ᾽ ἔτι πτόλινE.Hec.1209; “πύργους ἐπὶ τῶν γεφυρῶν ἐπιστῆσαιPl.Criti.116a.
b. movable tower for storming towns, X.Cyr.6.1.53, 6.2.18; “π. ὑπότροχοιOnos. 42.3.
c. tower on the back of war-elephants, Arr.Tact.2.4.
d. Ζανὸς π., Pythag. name for the central fire of the universe, Arist. Fr.204.
2. metaph., tower of defence, τοῖος . . σφιν π. ἀπώλεο, of Ajax, Od.11.556; “ἄνδρες πόλιος π. ἀρεύϊοςAlc.Supp.1a.10; “παῖς ἄρσην πατέρ᾽ ἔχει π. μέγανE.Alc.311, cf. Med.390; “ἅπας μοι π. Ἑλλήνων πατρίςTrag.Adesp.392; θανάτων δ᾽ ἐμᾷ χώρᾳ π. ἀνέστα a tower of defence from deaths, S.OT1201 (lyr.).
3. the part of a house (prob. a separate building) in which the women lived and worked, “αἱ ἄλλαι θεράπαιναι ἐν τῷ π. ἦσαν, οὗπερ διαιτῶνταιD.47.56; esp. if unmarried, as Hero in her tower, Musae.32,187, cf. Philostr.Jun.Im.1; of the workman's hut of Timon the misanthrope (which also became his tomb, cf. Luc.Tim.42), Paus.1.30.4, cf. AP 7.402 (Antip.); outbuildings, esp. if used in industry, LXX Is.5.2, Mi.4.8, PStrassb.110.6 (iii B.C.), BGU1194.9 (ii B.C.), 650.8 (i A.D.), POxy.243.15 (i A.D.), Ev.Marc.12.1, Ev.Luc.14.28, PGiss.67.16 (ii A.D.), IG22.2776.65 (ii A.D.); “π. ἐν βαφεῖον καὶ ἕτερα χρηστήριαPLond.2.371.3 (i A.D.).
II. part of an army drawn up in close order, column, Il.4.334,347.
2. at Teos, a division of the people, CIG3064,3081, al.
III. dice-box, AP9.482.24 (Agath.); cf. Lat. pyrgus.
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hide References (28 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (28):
    • Demosthenes, Against Evergus and Mnesibulus, 56
    • Euripides, Alcestis, 311
    • Euripides, Hecuba, 1209
    • Euripides, Medea, 390
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.74
    • Hesiod, Shield of Heracles, 242
    • Homer, Iliad, 7.338
    • Homer, Iliad, 3.153
    • Homer, Odyssey, 6.262
    • Homer, Odyssey, 11.556
    • New Testament, Luke, 14.28
    • New Testament, Mark, 12.1
    • Old Testament, Micah, 4.8
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1.30.4
    • Plato, Critias, 116a
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 1201
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.17
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 6.1.53
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 6.2.18
    • Homer, Iliad, 22.447
    • Homer, Iliad, 4.334
    • Homer, Iliad, 7.219
    • Polybius, Histories, 5.99.9
    • Old Testament, Isaiah, 5.2
    • Lucian, Timon, 42
    • Arrian, Tactica, 2.4
    • Philostratus Minor, Imagines, 1
    • Onasander, Strategicus, 42.3
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