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πυ^ρόω , (πῦρ)
A.burn with fire, burn up, “τὰς ἈθήναςHdt.7.8.β́, 8.102; “στέγηνA.Fr.281; “ναούςS.Ant.286; burn as a burnt sacrifice, “ὀσφῦνA.Pr.497; “πυροῦτε σώματαE.HF244; burn on a pyre, ἣν πεπύρωκαν (sic) “ἐγώSupp.Epigr.1.569 (Egypt); π. Κύκλωπος ὄψιν burn out his eye, E.Cyc.594, cf. 600:—Med., παῖδα πυρωσαμένη having placed my son on the pyre, AP7.466 (Leon.):—Pass., to be set on fire, to be burnt, “πυρωθέντων ΤρώωνPi.P.11.33; “Ἴλιον πυρούμενονE.Andr.400, cf. Tr. 1283; “πυρωθῆναι δέμαςId.IT685, cf. Med.1190, Parth. in PLit.Lond. 64.6, Ph.1.256.
b. π. τὴν γεῦσιν, τὴν γλῶσσαν, seem hot to the taste or tongue, Dsc.1.16, 4.170.
c. ζεστολουσία . . πυροῦσα τὴν ἐπιφάνειαν reddening or warming up the surface, Theon ap.Gal.6.208.
2. metaph., set on fire, inflame, “Ἔρως σὺ δ᾽ εὐθέως με πύρωσονAnacreont. 10.15:—Pass., to be inflamed or excited, “παραγγέλμασιν . . πυρωθεὶς καρδίανA.Ag.481 (lyr.); τινι by a person (with love), AP12.87; “εὐχαριστίᾳPh.1.60, cf. 2 Ep.Cor.11.29.
II. abs., produce fire, Arist. PA649b5:—Pass., to become fire, to be ignited, Pl.Ti.51b, 52d, Arist. Cael.307a24, al.
III. treat with fire: roast, grill, Hp.Vict.2.56; bake, “πλίνθουςPh.1.420; “τὸ σταῖςArist.Pr.927b39, cf. 929b12 (Pass.); warm on the fire, Agatharch.61 (Pass.); melt, [ἀργυρώματα] IG7.303.15 (Oropus, iii B.C.); make red hot, Ph.1.625 (Pass.); fumigate, “δῶμα θεείῳTheoc.24.96; cauterize, Arist.HA515b18 (Pass.).
2. Pass., to be affected by fire, “ χρυσὸς οὐ πυροῦταιId.Mete.378b4.
3. of gold, to be proved or tested by fire, “χρυσίον πεπυρωμένον ἐκ πυρόςApoc.3.18: metaph., proved by fire, approved, LXX Ps.17 (18).31, 118 (119).140, Ph.1.57.
4. to be affected by heart-burn, Herod.Med. ap. Aët.9.2.
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hide References (22 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (22):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 481
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 497
    • Euripides, Andromache, 400
    • Euripides, Cyclops, 594
    • Euripides, Cyclops, 600
    • Euripides, Heracles, 244
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Taurus, 685
    • Euripides, Medea, 1190
    • Euripides, Trojan Women, 1283
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.102
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.8
    • New Testament, 2 Corinthians, 11.29
    • Old Testament, Psalm, 118
    • Old Testament, Psalm, 119
    • Old Testament, Psalm, 140
    • Old Testament, Psalm, 17
    • Plato, Timaeus, 51b
    • Plato, Timaeus, 52d
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 286
    • New Testament, Revelation, 3.18
    • Old Testament, Psalm, 18
    • Old Testament, Psalm, 31
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