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σάκκος or σάκος , , v. sub fin.:—
A.coarse cloth of hair, esp. of goats' hair, “σάκκος τρίχινοςApoc.6.12, cf. LXX Is.50.3, Si.25.17.
II. anything made of this cloth:
1. sack, bag, Hdt.9.80, Ar.Ach.745, Lys.1209, Gal.2.559,8.672:—as a measure, Ostr.1096, al.
2. sieve, strainer, esp. for wine, Hippon.57, Poll.6.19; “ς. τρίχινοιPHamb.10.39 (ii A.D.).
3. coarse garment, sackcloth, worn as mourning by the Jews, LXX Ge.37.34, Ev.Luc.10.13, J.BJ2.12.5, cf. Plu.2.239c.
III. coarse beard, like rough hair-cloth, “σάκον πρὸς ταῖν γνάθοιν ἔχεινAr.Ec.502; cf. “σακεσφόρος11.—The form σάκος is said to be Att., Ael.Dion.Fr.296, Phryn.229, Moer. p.354 P., Thom.Mag. p.344 R., etc.; while σάκκος is called Dor. by Phryn. l.c., Hellenic by Moer. and Thom.Mag., Comic by Poll.7.191. In Ar.Ach. 822, Ec.502, σάκος is required by the metre, as is σάκκος in Ach. 745 (Megarian), and in Hippon. l.c.; codd. of Hdt. give σάκκος. Inscrr. have “σάκοςIG22.1672.73,74, 108 and σάκκος ib.198: Papyri have “σάκοςPCair.Zen.753.27 (iii B.C.), UPZ84.52 (ii B.C.), but oftener “σάκκοςPSI4.427.1,14 (iii B.C.), PTeb.116.3 (ii B.C.), etc. (Prob. the word, like the thing, was borrowed from Phoenicia, cf. Hebr. saq.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (12):
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 745
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 822
    • Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae, 11
    • Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae, 502
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.80
    • Flavius Josephus, The Jewish War, 2.12.5
    • Old Testament, Genesis, 37.34
    • Old Testament, Isaiah, 50.3
    • Aristophanes, Lysistrata, 1209
    • New Testament, Revelation, 6.12
    • New Testament, Luke, 10.13
    • Old Testament, Ecclesiasticus, 25.17
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