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σαλ-εύω , fut.
A.σαλεύσωLXX Wi.4.19: aor. “ἐσάλευσαIsoc.8.95, AP11.83:— Pass., fut. “σαλευθήσομαιLXX Si.16.18, Ev.Luc.21.26: aor. “ἐσαλεύθηνLXX 1 Ma.9.13, Act.Ap.4.31, 2 Ep.Thess.2.2, v.l. in Isoc. l.c.: pf. σεσάλευμαι (v. infr.): (σάλος):—cause to rock, make to vibrate or oscillate, c. acc., [“τὰς ἀγκύρας] οὐδεὶς χειμὼν σαλεύειPythag. ap. Stob.3.1.29; ς. τρικυμίᾳ πέδον, of the sea, Lyc.475; of an earthquake, AP11.83 (Lucill.), cf. 259 (Id.): metaph., δόξαν ς. Plu.2.1123f, cf. S.E.M. 8.56, 337, etc.; “ς. τινὰ ἐκ θεμελίωνLXX Wi.4.19; “ἐπιστολαὶ δυνάμεναι λίθον σαλεῦσαιheartrending, POxy.528.12 (ii A.D.); ς. τοὺς ὄχλους stir them up, Act.Ap.17.13, cf. LXX Si.28.14:—Pass., to be shaken to and fro, waver, totter, reel, “χθὼν σεσάλευταιA.Pr.1081; “κύκλος σαλευόμενοςPl.Ti.79e, cf. Arist.Mech.857a7, Thphr.Lass.11; of teeth or nails, to be loosened, Gal.12.871, Dsc.5.3; of persons, “ἐκ Βρομίου γυῖα σαλευόμενονAP11.26 (Marc.Arg.), cf. 12.31 (Phan.); ὑφ᾽ ἡδονῆς σαλευομένη κορώνη Sch.Arat.1009 (wrongly attributed to Archil., Fr. 102); later simply, stir, move, “κατεσχέθην νόσῳ . . ὡς μὴ δύνασθαι μηδὲ σαλεύεσθαιPSI4.299.4 (iii A.D.).
2. shake in measuring, so as to give good measure, “μέτρον σεσαλευμένονEv.Luc.6.38; cf. “σαλάσσω11.
II. intr., move up and down, roll, toss, esp. of ships in a stormy sea or persons in them, “ς. ἐν πλοίοιςX.Oec.8.17, cf. Hld.10.4, etc.: generally, put out to sea, App.Mith.77: metaph., toss like a ship at sea, to be tempest-tossed, be in sore distress, “πόλις γὰρ . . ἄγαν ἤδη σαλεύειS.OT23; “πρόδοτος δὲ . . ς. ἨλέκτραId.El.1074 (lyr.); “ὅταν . . σαλεύῃ πόλιςE.Rh.249 (lyr.), cf. OGI515.47 (Mylasa, iii A.D.); ἐν νόσοις γήρᾳ ς. Pl.Lg.923b, cf. Arist.Pr.883a34; ἐν κινδύνῳ ς. D.H.10.11; “ς. ὑπὲρ ἑαυτοῦAel.Fr.48; to be unstable, Poll.6.121; flicker, of the eye-balls in nystagmus, Gal.18(2).68; oscillate, of the “λόγος ἐνδιάθετος, ἐν τούτοιςS.E.P.1.65.
2. of ships also, ἐπ᾽ ἀγκυρῶν ride at anchor, Polyaen.2.2.7: metaph., ὡς ἐπ᾽ ἀγκύρας τῆς φύσεως ς. Plu.2.493d; “ς. ἐπὶ τῶν ἐλπίδωνHld.1.26; also ὁρῶν ἡμᾶς ἐπὶ τούτῳ μόνῳ (sc. τῷ υἱῷ)“ σαλεύονταςPlu.Demetr.38; γραῦν ἐπὶ ἑνὶ γομφίῳ ς. Alciphr.3.28, cf. POxy.472.50 (ii A.D.); “ἐπὶ τοιούτοις παραγγέλμασινS.E.M.2.12 (hence later in a causal sense, ς. ἐπί τινι τὰς ἐλπίδας anchor them upon . ., Hld.2.33).
3. metaph., roll like a ship, roll in one's walk, of persons with the hip-joints far apart, Hp.Art.56.
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hide References (19 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (19):
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 1081
    • Isocrates, On the Peace, 95
    • New Testament, 2 Thessalonians, 2.2
    • New Testament, Acts, 4.31
    • Plato, Laws, 923b
    • Plato, Timaeus, 79e
    • Sophocles, Electra, 1074
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 23
    • Xenophon, Economics, 8.17
    • Euripides, Rhesus, 249
    • Hippocrates, De articulis, 56
    • Old Testament, 1 Maccabees, 9.13
    • New Testament, Luke, 11
    • New Testament, Luke, 21.26
    • New Testament, Luke, 6.38
    • Old Testament, Ecclesiasticus, 16.18
    • Old Testament, Ecclesiasticus, 28.14
    • Plutarch, Demetrius, 38
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 10.11
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