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σαπρός , ά, όν, (σήπω)
A.rotten, putrid, Hippon.23, Hp.Oss.13; of the lungs, diseased, Id.Morb.1.13; of bone, carious, Id.Fract.33; of wood, etc., rotten, “ἱστίονAr.Eq.918; “βύρσαId.V.38; πινακίσκος, φορμός, σχοινίον, Id.Pl.813,542, V.1343; “ἱμάςMen.109.4; τοῦ διατειχίσματος ἀνελόντι τὰ ς. IG22.1672.24; of a house, ς. καὶ ῥέουσα καὶ καταπίπτουσα Telesp.27 H.; “ἐλαῖαιThphr.HP4.14.10: prov., “σαπροῦ πείσματος ἀντιλαβέσθαιThgn.1362: esp., of fish that have been long in pickle, stale, rancid, “τάριχοςAr.Ach.1101; opp. πρόσφατος, Antiph. 218.4, cf. 125.6; of withered flowers, D.22.70. Adv., -ρῶς λούει τὰ βαλανεῖα so as to leave one filthy, Arr.Epict.2.21.14.
II. generally, stale, worn out, “ἀρχαῖον καὶ σαπρόνAr.Pl.323; of clothes, PGiss.26.6 (ii A.D.). Adv., -ῶς (perh. misspelt for -ός περιπατῶ I am walking about in rags, BGU846.9 (ii A.D.).
3. of wine, mellow (cf. σαπρίας), Eup.442, cf. Philyll.24; “τρὺξ παλαιὰ καὶ σαπράAr.Pl.1086; of old wine, “ὀδόντας οὐκ ἔχων, ἤδη σαπρὸς . ., γέρων γε δαιμονίωςAlex.167.4.
5. metaph., unsound, bad, “λόγοςEp.Eph.4.29; opp. καλός, Vett.Val.36.30, cf. PSI4.312.13 (iv A.D.); “ἄρουραιPGiss.13.22 (ii A.D.); “τὰ ς. ταῦταArr.Epict.3.16.7; “ὡς ς. καὶ κίβδηλος λέγων . . M.Ant.11.15, cf. Sammelb.5761.23 (i A.D.), PSI6.717.4 (ii A.D.); τὴν ς. εἱμαρμένην the evil fate, PMag.Leid.W.14.38.
III. of sound, “αὐλεῖ γὰρ σαπρὰ . . κρουμάτιαTheopomp.Com. 50 (perh. f.l. for σαθρά, v. σαθρός 2).
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