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σίδηρος [ι^], Dor. σίδα_ρος IG42(1).102.61 (Epid., iv B.C.), etc.: ; also , Nic.Th.923: neut. σίδηρον , τό, Sch.D Il.4.151, v.l. in Hdt.7.65 and Daimachus 4J. (but prob.
A.f.l. for σιδήριον in Gal.19.72, cf. Hsch. s.v. Ἀκίς): pl. “σίδηραAret.SD2.12, EM26.36, Tz. (v. infr.): —iron, “ς. πολιόςIl.9.366, Od.24.168; “ἰόειςIl.23.850; “μέλαςHes.Op. 151; “αἴθωνIl.4.485, al.; “πολύκμητος6.48, al., cf. Od.9.393; as an article of traffic, “οἰνίζοντο . . Ἀχαιοί, ἄλλοι μὲν χαλκῷ, ἄλλοι δ᾽ αἴθωνι ς.Il.7.473; “πλέων . . μετὰ χαλκόν: ἄγω δ᾽ αἴθωνα σίδηρονOd.1.184; χαλκός τε χρυσός τε πολύκμητός τε ς., of treasures, Il.11.133, al.; as a prize, 23.261,850; Σκύθης ς., because brought from the Euxine, A. Th.818; πόντιος ξεῖνος . . θηκτὸς ς. ib.942 (lyr.).
2. freq. as a symbol of hardness (cf. “σιδήρεος1.2), or of stubborn force, Il.20.372, Od.19.494; ὀφθαλμοὶ ὡσεὶ κέρα ἕστασαν ἠὲ ς. ib.211; “οὔ σφι λίθος χρὼς οὐδὲ ς.Il.4.510; “ἐκ ς. κεχάλκευται . . καρδίανPi.Fr.123.4, cf. S. Fr.658; “ἦσθα πέτρος ς.E.Med.1279 (lyr.), cf. Pl.Lg.666c; also of firmness, steadfastness, πέτρης γ᾽ ἔχων νόον ἠὲ ς. Mosch.4.44, cf. Ach.Tat.5.22.
II. anything made of iron, iron tool or implement, for husbandry, Il.4.485, cf. 23.834: also of weapons, arrow-head, 4.123; sword or knife, 18.34, 23.30; “αὐτὸς γὰρ ἐφέλκεται ἄνδρα ς.Od. 16.294, cf. E.Or.966 (lyr.); axe-head, Od.19.587: generally, arms, “οἱ Ἀθηναῖοι ς. κατέθεντοTh.1.6; “ὅπλοις τε καὶ σιδήρῳ διώξεινOGI532.25 (Galatia, i B.C.): also, knife, sickle, Hes.Op.387: pl., fishing-hooks, Theoc.21.49; irons, fetters, Aret.SD2.12, Tz.H.13.302; cf. σιδήριον.
III. place for selling iron, smithy or cutler's shop, “ἀγαγόντα εἰς τὸν ς.X.HG3.3.7.
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hide References (34 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (34):
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 1.2
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 818
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 942
    • Euripides, Medea, 1279
    • Euripides, Orestes, 966
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.65
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 151
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 387
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.133
    • Homer, Iliad, 18.34
    • Homer, Iliad, 20.372
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.261
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.834
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.850
    • Homer, Iliad, 4.151
    • Homer, Iliad, 6.48
    • Homer, Iliad, 7.473
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.366
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.30
    • Homer, Iliad, 4.510
    • Homer, Odyssey, 19.587
    • Homer, Odyssey, 1.184
    • Homer, Odyssey, 16.294
    • Homer, Odyssey, 19.494
    • Homer, Odyssey, 24.168
    • Homer, Odyssey, 9.393
    • Plato, Laws, 666c
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 3.3.7
    • Homer, Iliad, 4.123
    • Homer, Iliad, 4.485
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 658
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.6
    • Aretaeus, De causis et signis acutorum morborum (lib. 2), 2.12
    • Achilles Tatius, Leucippe et Clitophon, 5.22
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