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σι_μός , ή, όν,
A.snub-nosed, flat-nosed, of the Ethiopians and their gods, Xenoph.16; of the Scythians, Hdt.4.23, cf.Ar.Ec.617 (Comp.), 705, Theoc.3.8; represented as giving an arch, pert look, “σιμός, ἐπίχαρις κληθείςPl.R.474d; Arist. says that all children are σιμοί, Pr.963b15; of dolphins, Arion 1.7; of dogs, X.Cyn.4.1; of the hippopotamus, Hdt.2.71, Arist.HA502a11; of the ponies of the Sigynnae, Hdt.5.9; of bees and goats, Theoc.7.80, 8.50.
2. of the nose, snub, flat, opp. γρυπός, Pl.Tht.209c; τὸ ς. τῆς ῥινός,= σιμότης, X.Smp.5.6, cf. Arist. Pol.1309b24.—As this kind of nose gives a pert expression, we find “σιμὰ γελῶνAP5.176 (Mel.); σιμὰ σεσηρὼς μυχθίζεις ib.178 (Id.); cf. “σιμόω1.
II. metaph., bent upwards, like the slope of a hillside: hence, up-hill, opp. “κατάντης, χωρίονAr.Lys.288, ubi v. Sch.; πρὸς τὸ ς. διώκειν pursue up-hill, X.HG4.3.23; “πρὸς τὸ ς. ἀνατρέχεινDionys.Com.4, cf.Arist.Pr.870a30; ς. [ὁδός] X.Cyn.6.5; ὑπερβάλλειν τὰ ς. ib.5.16; σίμαι (sic cod.) the ends of the lyre, Hsch.; also, parts of the cornice, Id., cf. Vitr.3.5.12.
2. generally, hollow, concave, opp. κυρτός, γαστὴρ τῶν ἀδείπνων ς. X.Cyr.8.4.21; τὰ ς. τοῦ ἥπατος the bottom of the liver, Poll.2.213, Gal.11.93; χεὶρ ς. Ath.14.630a; of splints, νάρθηκες ς. Hp.Off.12, acc. to Gal.18(2).833 rounded and tapering off towards the end, so as gradually to diminish the pressure; also, of a kind of bandage, Hp.Off.7.
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hide References (16 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (16):
    • Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae, 617
    • Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae, 705
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.23
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.9
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.71
    • Plato, Republic, 474d
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 209c
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 8.4.21
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 4.3.23
    • Xenophon, On Hunting, 6.5
    • Xenophon, On Hunting, 4.1
    • Xenophon, On Hunting, 5.16
    • Xenophon, Symposium, 5.6
    • Aristophanes, Lysistrata, 288
    • Hippocrates, De officina medici, 12
    • Hippocrates, De officina medici, 7
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