previous next
σπεῖρα , ,
A.anything twisted or wound, ποιεῖν τι οἷον σπεῖραν twist it into a ball, Hp.Morb. 2.33.
2. pl., coils or spires of a serpent, S.Fr. 535 (anap.), Ar.Fr.500; πολύπλοκοι ς. E.Med.481, cf. Ion 1164: so in sg., Nic.Th.156, A.R.4.151, Arat.47,89, etc.
3. rope, cord, Nic.Fr. 74.21, f.l. in Hp.Steril.235; σπείραισι δικτυοκλώστοις with the net's meshy folds, S.Ant.346 (lyr.); ship's cable, Plu.2.507b; padded circle used by women carrying weights on their head, Aët. 12.55; so by Atlas, Apollod.2.5.11; as a lamp-stand, “ἀρτεμισίας ς. ἐπὶ τὸν λύχνονPMag.Lond.121.601 (cf. “σπειρίον111); round cushion, IG5(1).1390.24 (Andania, i B.C.).
4. a mode of dressing the hair, Poll.2.31, 4.149.
5. ς. βόειαι thongs or straps of ox-hide to guard and arm a boxer's fist, Theoc.22.80.
6. knot or curl in wood, Thphr.HP5.2.3, Plin.HN16.198.
7. a kind of cheesecake (al. σπῖρα), Chrysipp. Tyan. ap. Ath.14.647d.
8. rounded moulding in the base of an Ionic or Corinthian column, torus, IG12.372.64, Sardis 7(1) No.181 (i A.D.), CIG2713-14 (Labranda), Poll.7.121, Vitr.3.5.3.
9. Geom., anchor-ring, tore, produced by revolution of a circle about a line in its plane but not passing through the centre, Hero *Deff.97, Procl. in Euc.p.119 F.
II. Milit., tactical unit, in the Ptolemaic army, BGU1806.4 (i B.C.); used to translate the Roman manipulus, Plb.11.23.1, al., Str.12.3.18, Plu.Aem.17; κατὰ σπείρας,= Lat. manipulatim, Plb.3.115.12; later, cohort, Act.Ap.10.1, J.BJ3.4.2, IGRom.1.10 (Massilia), 1373 (Egypt), al., OGI208.2 (Nubia, ii A.D.), al. (gen. in this sense always σπείρης, Act.Ap. l.c., POxy.477.3 (ii A.D.), BGU73 (ii A.D.), OGIl.c., etc.).
2. = θίασος, religious college or guild, gen. “σπείρηςIG14.925 (Portus Trajani); dat. σπείρῃ ib.977 (Rome), Inscr.Perg.319,320; nom. “σπεῖραAEM 14.28 (Roumania); Lat. spira, CIL 6.261 (Rome), al. (cf. σπειράρχης).
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
How to enter text in Greek:
hide References (11 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (11):
    • Pseudo-Apollodorus, Library, 2.5.11
    • Euripides, Ion, 1164
    • Euripides, Medea, 481
    • Flavius Josephus, The Jewish War, 3.4.2
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 346
    • Strabo, Geography, 12.3.18
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 535
    • Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 4.151
    • Polybius, Histories, 11.23.1
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.115.12
    • Plutarch, Aemilius Paullus, 17
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: