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σπουδάζω , S.OC1143, Ar.Pax471 (lyr.), etc.: Att.fut.
I. intr.,
I. to be busy, eager to do a thing, c. inf., S.OC1143, E.Hec.817, Pl.Euthd.293a, etc.; σπούδασον ἐλθεῖν . . ταχέως make haste . . , 2 Ep.Ti.4.9; ὅτ᾽ ἐσπούδαζες ἄρχειν wast eager to rule, E.IA337 (troch.): c. part., “ἐσπ. διδάσκωνX.Oec.9.1: freq. ς. περί τινος or τι, Id.Mem.1.3.8, Pl.R.330c, etc.; “ὑπέρ τινοςD.59.77; “εἰς τὰ σάId.21.195; “πρός τιId.22.76; “ἐπί τισιX.Mem.1.3.11, cf. D.21.2: c. dat., “ς. γάμῳAristaenet.2.3; ς. ὅπως . . endeavour that . . , D.43.12, SIG312.10 (Samos, iv B.C.): abs., ἐσπουδακυῖα in haste, hurriedly, Ar.Th.572; ἐσπουδακώς eagerly, Men.562.
b. c. acc. et inf., “σπουδάσαντες τοῦτ᾽ αὐτοῖς παραγενέσθαιPl.Alc.2.141d, cf. 2 Ep.Pet.1.15, BGU1080.14 (iii A.D.), etc.
2. of persons, ς. πρός τινα pay him serious attention, Pl.Grg.510c, etc.; “εἴς τιναAP9.422 (Apollonid.); ς. περί τινα to be anxious for his success, Isoc.1.10, X.Cyr.5.4.13, etc. (distd. fr. πρός τινα by Luc.Sol.10); “περί τινοςX.Lac.4.1; “ὑπὲρ τῶν οἰκετῶνAeschin.1.17; “ὑπέρ τινοςD.21.213, etc.; ς. τινί be a partisan or backer of, Plu.Art.21, Arr.Epict.1.11.27, PGiss.71.6 (ii A.D.); “ἀπό τινοςPhilostr.VS2.27.6.
4. study, Philostr. VS1.7.2; lecture, teach, ib.1.21.5.
II. trans.,
1. c. acc. rei, do anything hastily or earnestly, be earnest about, “τὸ αὑτοῦE.HF 507; “τὰς περὶ τὸ μανθάνειν ἡδονάςPl.Phd.114e, etc.; opp. παρέργοις χρῆσθαι, Id.Euthd.273d, cf. Ti.21c; “τὰ ἑαυτοῦ ἡδέαX.Smp.8.17; “ς. τοῦτο, ὅπως . . Id.Eq.11.10:—Pass., σπουδάζεταί τι is zealously pursued, πᾶν τι ς. E.Supp.761; “ς. ἀγώνX.Lac.10.3; χρήματα μετὰ πολλῆς δαπάνης ς. Pl.R.485e; κωμῳδία διὰ τὸ μὴ σπουδάζεσθαι . . ἔλαθεν because it was not taken up seriously, Arist.Po.1449b1; οὐ πάνυ σπουδάζεται ὑπ᾽ αὐτῶν is not much valued, Luc.Cont.11: esp. freq. in pf. part., “πᾶσα τοιαύτη σπουδὴ οὐκ ἐπὶ τούτοις ἐστὶν ἐσπουδασμένηPl.Ly.219e; προοίμια θαυμαστῶς ἐσπουδασμένα elaborately worked up, Id.Lg.722e, cf. 659e; so τὰ μάλιστα ἐσπ. σῖτα καὶ ποτά the choicest, X.Cyr.4.2.38; τὰ ἐσπ., of writing tablets, the best quality, Thphr.HP 3.9.7 (also κλίνας καὶ δίφρους καὶ τὰ ἄλλα τὰ σπουδαζόμενα ib.5.3.2); εἰ ταῦτ᾽ ἐσπουδασμένα ἐν γράμμασιν ἐτέθη if those pains were seriously bestowed on letters, Pl.Ep.344c; “αἱ ἐσπουδασμέναι παιδιαίArist.Rh. 1371a3, cf. Pol.1336a34.
2. Pass., of persons, to be treated with respect, opp. καταφρονεῖσθαι, Id.Rh.1380a26; to be courted, Str.17.3.15, Plu.Them.5, D.L.5.75; of women, Plu.Cim.4, Art.26.
b. in LXX, trouble, disturb any one, Jb.22.10, 23.16.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (60):
    • Aeschines, Against Timarchus, 17
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 813
    • Aristophanes, Peace, 471
    • Aristophanes, Plutus, 557
    • Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae, 572
    • Aristophanes, Wasps, 694
    • Aristotle, Poetics, 1449b.1
    • Demosthenes, Against Midias, 195
    • Demosthenes, Against Midias, 2
    • Demosthenes, Against Midias, 213
    • Demosthenes, Against Androtion, 76
    • Demosthenes, Against Macartatus, 12
    • Demosthenes, Against Neaera, 77
    • Euripides, Hecuba, 817
    • Euripides, Heracles, 507
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Aulis, 337
    • Euripides, Suppliants, 761
    • Isocrates, To Demonicus, 10
    • New Testament, 2 Timothy, 4.9
    • Old Testament, Job, 23.16
    • Plato, Laws, 659e
    • Plato, Laws, 722e
    • Plato, Republic, 330c
    • Plato, Republic, 485e
    • Plato, Euthyphro, 3e
    • Plato, Phaedo, 114e
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 236b
    • Plato, Lysis, 219e
    • Plato, Gorgias, 481b
    • Plato, Euthydemus, 273d
    • Plato, Euthydemus, 293a
    • Plato, Gorgias, 510c
    • Plato, Timaeus, 21c
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1143
    • Strabo, Geography, 17.3.15
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 4.2.38
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 5.4.13
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 1.3.11
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 1.3.8
    • Xenophon, Constitution of the Lacedaimonians, 10.3
    • Xenophon, Constitution of the Lacedaimonians, 4.1
    • Xenophon, On the Art of Horsemanship, 11.10
    • Xenophon, Symposium, 2.17
    • Xenophon, Symposium, 8.17
    • Xenophon, Economics, 9.1
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.5.8
    • New Testament, 2 Peter, 1.15
    • Old Testament, Job, 22.10
    • Plutarch, Cimon, 4
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    • Plutarch, Themistocles, 5
    • Plutarch, Artaxerxes, 21
    • Plutarch, Artaxerxes, 26
    • Lucian, Contemplantes, 11
    • Lucian, Soleocista, 10
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 1.58
    • Aelian, De Natura Animalium, 4.13
    • Philostratus the Athenian, Lives of the Sophists, 1.21.5
    • Philostratus the Athenian, Lives of the Sophists, 1.7.2
    • Philostratus the Athenian, Lives of the Sophists, 2.27.6
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