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στέαρ , τό, gen. στέατος [v. sub fin.]; contr. στῆρ , PCair.Zen.703.2,6 (iii B.C.), Archig. ap. Gal.12.861, Thd.Bel. 27, gen.
A.στῆτοςPCair.Zen.176.183 (iii B.C.); also στεῖαρ , gen. “στείατος Theod. 1.350 H.:—hard fat, suet, such as ruminating animals have, opp. πιμελή (soft fat), ἐκ δὲ στέατος ἔνεικε μέγαν τροχόν a large cake of suet, Od.21.178; “οὔτε πιμελὴν οὔτε στέαρArist.PA651a26; “τὸ τῶν ἰχθύων ς. πιμελῶδεςId.HA520a21, al.
2. any animal fat, “ς. τῆς ἄρκτουThphr.Od.63; “ς. δελφίνωνX.An.5.4.28; freq. in LXX (Le.3.15,16,17, al.); also PRev.Laws 50.14 (iii B.C.), PCair.Zen.; so ς. χήνειον, ὀρνίθειον, etc., Dsc.2.76.
II. = σταῖς (q.v.), dough made from flour of spelt, Hp.Nat.Mul.27 (but σταῖς is prob. l.), Arist.Pr.879a10, Thphr.HP9.20.2, LXX Ps.80(81).17, al., Str.17.2.5 (citing Hdt.2.36, where σταῖς is in our text). [Gen. στέατος disyll., Od. l.c.; στέα_τι trisyll., Diph.119; cf. στεάτιον.] (Prob. fr. Στα_yαρ, cf. Skt. styāyate 'congeal, grow hard'.)
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (7):
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.36
    • Homer, Odyssey, 21.178
    • Old Testament, Leviticus, 16
    • Old Testament, Leviticus, 3.15
    • Strabo, Geography, 17.2.5
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 5.4.28
    • Old Testament, Leviticus, 17
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