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στῆθος , εος, τό,
A.breast, of both sexes, being the front part of the θώραξ, divided into two μαστοί (Arist.HA493a12, PA688a13, al.), Hom. and later (cf. στέρνον), esp. in Prose, rare (and usu. metaph.) in post-Homeric verse; found once in Pi., twice in B., twice in A., never in S. or E. (v. infr. 1, 11); “βάλε ς. παρὰ μαζόνIl.4.480; “ἔβαλε ς. μεταμάζιον5.19; “κληῒς ἀποέργει αὐχένα τε στῆθός τε8.326, cf. Pl.Ti. 69e, 79c (pl.), Prt.352a (pl.): in pl., διὰ στήθεσφιν (Ep. gen.) “ἔλασσεIl.5.41; στήθεά τ᾽ ἠδ᾽ ἁπαλὴν δειρήν (of Briseis) 19.285; of animals, 11.282, 16.163, al., cf. X.Cyn.4.1, Arist.HA496a9, 15, al., PCair.Zen. 532.7,18 (iii B.C.), BGU469.7 (ii A.D.); “ς. φάσσης ἑψημένηςSor.2.41, cf. 1.51: as the seat of the voice and breath, Il.3.221, 9.610, B.5.15, A.Th.563 (lyr.), 865 (anap.); more freq. as the seat of the heart, Il.1.189, Od.1.341, Sapph.2.6, etc.; chest, Hp.Prorrh. 1.70, Ar.Nu.1012, 1017 (both anap.), Th.2.49 (pl.), Diocl.Fr.142, IG42(1).121.100 (pl., Epid., iv B.C.), freq. in Arist. (v. supr.), PEnteux. 79.7 (iii B.C.), PTeb.316.19 (i A.D.), Sor.1.70b, al.; τὰ ς. breasts of a woman, Hp.Mul.2.133.
III. = στέρνον 111, breastbone, Hp.Art.14.
2. ball of the foot, ib.55,58, cf. Epid.4.1, Ruf.Onom.125; “τὸ σαρκῶδες [τοῦ ποδὸς] κάτωθεν στῆθοςArist.HA 494a13; ball of the hand (below the thumb), Ruf.Onom.86; (below the fingers), Gal.14.704; palm, dub. in Hp.Oss.9: cf. προστηθίς.
3. swelling, tumour, “ἐν τῷ ἥπατιAret.CA2.6 (pl.).
IV. breastshaped hill or bank, Plb.4.41.3, PMasp.169b47 (vi A.D.), cf. Hsch. (στῆθος has pan-Hellenic η, Sapph., Pi., IG42(1) l.c., Call. Lav.Pall.88, Theoc.2.79, 15.108,135.)
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hide References (35 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (35):
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 563
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 865
    • Bacchylides, Epinicians, 10.54
    • Bacchylides, Epinicians, 5.15
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.282
    • Homer, Iliad, 17.570
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.189
    • Homer, Iliad, 3.221
    • Homer, Iliad, 4.309
    • Homer, Iliad, 4.480
    • Homer, Iliad, 5.125
    • Homer, Iliad, 8.326
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.610
    • Homer, Iliad, 19.285
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.83
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.142
    • Homer, Odyssey, 1.341
    • Homer, Odyssey, 3.18
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 235c
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 236c
    • Plato, Protagoras, 352a
    • Plato, Timaeus, 69e
    • Plato, Timaeus, 79c
    • Xenophon, On Hunting, 4.1
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.163
    • Homer, Iliad, 5.19
    • Homer, Iliad, 5.41
    • Polybius, Histories, 4.41.3
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 1012
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 1017
    • Hippocrates, De articulis, 58
    • Hippocrates, De articulis, 14
    • Hippocrates, De articulis, 55
    • Aretaeus, De curatione acutorum morborum libri duo, 2.6
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.49
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