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σύμβολον , τό,
b. of other devices having the same purpose, e.g. a seal-impression on wax, Plaut. Pseud.55 (hence ς. = signet-ring, Plin.HN33.10); an extant bronze hand is inscribed “ς. πρὸς ΟὐελαυνίουςIG14.2432 (Gaul), cf. 279 (Lilybaeum, ii B.C., where the word does not occur).
2. any token serving as proof of identity, “ἔλαβε ς. παρὰ βασιλέως τοῦ μεγάλου φιάλην χρυσῆνLys.19.25; πολλῶν ἀγαθῶν . . εὐπορήσειν διὰ τὸ ς. ibid.; ὡς ἔγνω . . τὰ παρὰ τῆς γυναικὸς ς. X.Cyr.6.1.46; τὰ μητρὸς ς. E.Ion 1386, cf. Hel.291, El.577, Com.Adesp.17.16 D., D.S.4.59, Plu.Thes.6; ἰδοὺ τὰ ς. here are my credentials, Arr.Epict.1.16.11, cf. 3.22.99, 4.8.20; ἔχοντες ς. σαφὲς λύπης bearing clear credentials (consisting) of (a common) grief, S.Ph.403, cf. Aristid.1.416 J.
5. identity-token given to Athenian dicasts on entering the courts, entitling them to vote, and on presenting which they received another ς., in exchange for which they received their fee, Ar.Pl.278, D.18.210, Arist.Ath.65.2, 68.2, Poll.8.16; also in the ecclesia, Ar.Ec.297 (lyr.); διάδοσις τῶν ς. IG2.1749.76: extant theatre-tokens (without the word ς.) in IG5(2).323 (Mantinea, iv B.C.).
6. at Rome, = tessera, token entitling the bearer to a donation of corn or money, D.C.49.43.
II. of written documents,
1. passport or the seal thereon, Ar.Av.1214 (cf. Sch.); ἐκπλεῖν μηδένα ἀστῶν μηδὲ μέτοικον ἄνευ ς. Aen.Tact.10.8: metaph., Arr.Epict.3.12.15.
3. pl., treaty between two states providing for the security of one another's citizens and sts. for the settlement of commercial and other disputes (usu. in the law-courts of the defendant's city (cf. Harp. s.v.)); “εἰσὶ . . αὐτοῖς συνθῆκαι περὶ τῶν εἰσαγωγίμων καὶ ς. περὶ τοῦ μὴ ἀδικεῖνArist.Pol.1280a39; “ς. ποιήσασθαι πρὸς πόλινD.7.11, cf. And.4.18; “τὰ ς. συγχέωνD.21.173; ἀπὸ συμβόλων δικάζεσθαι, κοινωνεῖν, Antipho 5.78, Arist.Pol.1275a10; “αἱ ἀπὸ συμβόλων δίκαιId.Ath.59.6; cf. “συμβολή111: sg. in same sense, Foed. Delph.Pell.1 A 7 (also written συββ- ib. 1 B 10, al.); “ κατὰ τὸ ς. δικαιοδοσία πρός τιναPlb.23.1.2, cf. 32.7.3; κατὰ τὸ ς. IG12(7).67.48 (Arcesine, iv/iii B.C.), 9(1).331.5 (Chaleion, ii B.C.); κατὰ τὸ δοχθὲν κοινᾷ ς. GDI5040.70 (Crete).
4. contract between individuals, PCair.Zen.724.7,13, 790.2 (iii B.C.), PTeb.5.212 (ii B.C.), 52.10 (ii B.C.); αἰσχρὰ κακοῖς ἔργοις ς. θηκάμενοι forming disgraceful compacts (sealed) by evil deeds, Thgn.1150; “τὰ τῷ Καίσαρι πεπραγμένα κυροῦν συμβόλῳApp.BC2.132.
5. receipt, sts. made out in duplicate, “ς. διπλᾶ ἐσφραγισμέναPSI4.324.4 (iii B.C.), cf. PRev.Laws52.19 (iii B.C.), UPZ25.25, 26.16 (ii B.C.); “τὸ ς. τῆς ἀποχῆςPCair.Zen. 144.2 (iii B.C.); “ς. ἀποχῆςPEnteux.73.4 (iii B.C.); “σύμβολον ποιήσασθαι πρὸς αὐτόνPLille 4.18 (iii B.C.), cf. PHib.1.67.16 (iii B.C.); “ς. καὶ ἀντισύμβολαBGU1741.10 (i B.C.); receipt for a pledged article, PCair. Zen.120.3 (iii B.C.).
b. fee for making out a receipt, PRyl.192.10 (ii A.D.), BGU1605.13 (ii A.D.), etc.
6. unilateral undertaking in writing, guarantee, PPetr.3p.164 (iii B.C.), PMich.Zen.57.4 (iii B.C.), UPZ112 ii 1 (ii B.C.).
7. warrant entitling the holder to draw allowances over a period, “τοῦ κθ́ ἔτους τὸ ς. τοῦ ὀψωνίου καὶ τῆς ἀγορᾶς σύνταξον γράψαιPSI5.504.8 (iii B.C.); ς. σιτικὰ καὶ ἀργυρικά (bequeathed) PGrenf.1.21.16 (ii B.C.); σφράγισαι τὸ ς. PCair.Zen.375.11 (iii B.C.), cf. PSI4.349.2,7 (iii B.C.), UPZ14.89 (ii B.C.); “τὰ ς. τῶν σιταρχιῶνBGU1755.5 (i B.C.).
8. warrant or commission from the Emperor, by which officers held their posts, Cod.Just., 11; ς. τριβούνου ib.12.33.8 Intr.
III. more generally, token, φυλάσσω λαμπάδος τὸ ς. the beacon-token, A.Ag.8; τέκμαρ τοιοῦτο ς. τέ σοι λέγω ib.315; μανθάνω τὸ ς. E.Or.1130, cf.Rh.220; clue, S.OT221; χειμῶνος ς. a sign of an approaching storm, Anaxag. 19, Sch.Arat.832; “νόμισμα ς. τῆς ἀλλαγῆς ἕνεκα γενήσεταιPl.R. 371b; “ἔστι τὰ ἐν τῇ φωνῇ τῶν ἐν τῇ ψυχῇ παθημάτων ς., καὶ τὰ γραφόμενα τῶν ἐν τῇ φωνῇArist.Int.16a4, cf. 24b2, Sens.437a15; τὰ τεχνητὰ τῶν ς. Plu.Per.6; νίκης ς. Ἰσθμιάδος, of the celery-wreath, Call.Fr.103; τὰ τῶν στρατοπέδων ς. legionary standards, Hdn.4.7.7; insignia of deities, D.H.8.38; “τῆς βασιλείαςPlu.Comp.Cim. Luc.3; εἰράνας ς. καὶ πολέμον, of a trumpet, AP6.151 (Tymn.).
3. Medic., symptom, Gal.19.217, Aret.CD1.4, al.
4. prearranged signal, “ἐπιχειρήσεωςPlu.Rom.14; watchword, E.Rh.573.
5. secret code, “τὰ μυστικὰ ς. τῶν περὶ τὸν Διόνυσον ὀργιασμῶν, σύνισμεν ἀλλήλοις οἱ κοινωνοῦντεςPlu.2.611d, cf. Orph.Fr.31.23; consisting of a signum and a responsum, Firm. De Errore 18; τὰ ς. [Πυθαγόρου] Arist.Fr.197, Plu.2.727c; περὶ Πυθαγορικῶν ς., title of a work by Androcydes, Iamb.VP28.145; secret sign, γράψαι τι ς. ἐν πίνακι, . . μαθεῖν τὸν θέντα τὸ ς. ib.33.238, cf. 23.103, 32.227, Luc.Laps.5; allegory, Chrysipp.Stoic.2.256,257, Demetr. Eloc.243; “διὰ συμβόλων μηνύεινPh.2.559, cf. 1.681, al., Dam.Pr. 210.
6. religious creed, τὸ ἅγιον μάθημα ἤτοι ς. Cod.Just., cf. 13.
IV. pl., standard weights, IG22.1013.8.
V. a small coin, perh. a half-obol, shaped D, Hermipp.61, Ar.Fr.44, Archipp. 8: hence σύμβολον κεκαρμένος with half the head shaved, Hermipp.14.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (45):
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