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σύνεσις , Att. ξύνεσις , εως, , (συνίημι)
A.uniting, union, “πέτρη τε ξύνεσίς τε δύω ποταμῶνOd.10.515 (with ξυν- metri gr.).
II. faculty of quick comprehension, mother-wit, sagacity, Democr.77, Th.2.62, 3.82, etc.; “οἰκείᾳ ξυνέσειId.1.138, cf. Pl.Cra.412a, Phlb. 19d, Arist.EN1143a17, D.18.127, Ev.Luc.2.47, Gal.6.457, etc.; hence of animals, “ [ζῷον] συνέσει . . ὑπερέχει τῶν ἄλλωνPl.Mx. 237d:—Phrases, “ὅστις γε σύνεσιν ἔχειHdt.2.5, 7.49; “ἀρκεῖν ξυνέσειE.Tr.674; “ξ. καὶ σοφίαId.HF655 (lyr.); φρόνησίς τε καὶ ξ. Pl. Cra.411a; ς. λαβεῖν, of children, Arist.EN1161b26; μοῖραν ἔχειν συνέσεως αἰσθήσεως) Democr. ap. Thphr.Sens.71; also with qualifying words added, “ς. φρενῶνPi.N.7.60; γνώμης ξ. Th.1.75; “ς. πολιτικήArist.Pol.1291a28; περὶ τὴν διάνοιαν ς. Id.HA588a23; ὑμετέρα ς. as form of address, Sammelb.7433.6 (v A.D.).
2. c. gen. objecti, intelligence in a thing, sagacity in respect to it, Pl.Cra. 412c, D.S.1.1; “περὶ τῶν παρόντωνTh.2.97.
IV. a branch of art or science, οἱ περὶ τὴν ς. ταύτην, i.e. music, Arist.Pol.1342b8.
b. knowledge, opp. ἄγνοια, An.410b3.
V. decision, decree, IG5(1).1390.112 (Andania, i B.C.). (Plato (Cra.412a) derives “σύνεσις11 from συνιέναι σύνειμι) come together, neglecting the unwritten aspiration (συνἱέναι); but the form and signfs. point to “συνίημι11, perceive, apprehend, cf. Arist.EN1143a17.)
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hide References (21 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (21):
    • Demosthenes, On the Crown, 127
    • Euripides, Heracles, 655
    • Euripides, Orestes, 396
    • Euripides, Trojan Women, 674
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.5
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.49
    • Homer, Odyssey, 11
    • Homer, Odyssey, 10.515
    • New Testament, Luke, 2.47
    • Plato, Cratylus, 412a
    • Plato, Cratylus, 412c
    • Plato, Cratylus, 411a
    • Plato, Philebus, 19d
    • Plato, Menexenus, 237d
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.97
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.82
    • Polybius, Histories, 18.43.13
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.75
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.138
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.62
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 1.1
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