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σύν-θεσις , εως, ,
A.putting together, composition, combination, Pl.Phd.93a, R.611b; “τῶν λίθωνArist.EN1174a23, cf. IG42(1).103.56 (Epid., iv B.C.), 7.3073.92 (Lebad., ii B.C.); “τῶν σπονδύλωνSor.1.102; storage, τῶν μήλων (quinces in a ῥίσκος) Phylarch.10 J.; but ἐλαιῶν ς. a preserve of olives, Gp.9.28.2.
b. in concrete sense, junction, “ὀστῶνArist.PA658b19; συνθέσεις λέγω τὰς γωνίας) Id.Pr.910b14.
2. in various technical senses:
a. in Grammar, composition, γραμμάτων τε συνθέσεις, i.e. syllables and words, A.Pr.460, cf. Arist.Metaph.1092a26; ς. ἔκ τε ῥημάτων γιγνομένη καὶ ὀνομάτων, i.e. sentences, Pl.Sph.263d, cf. Cra.431c, Arist. Po.1458a28, Gal.15.487; περὶ συνθέσεως ὀνομάτων, title of work by D.H.; also, the juxtaposition of letters in a word, Arist.Rh.Al.1434b34; of an author's composition, Isoc.10.11; so τῶν μέτρων ς. metrical composition, Arist.Po.1449b35; τῶν ἐπῶν ς. D.S.5.74; τοῦ παίωνος ξ. the way the paeon is made up, Plu.2.1143d; the constitution of things, Hp.Virg.1.
b. Math., synthesis of a problem (opp. ἀνάλυσις), Archim.Sph.Cyl.2.7, explained in Papp.634; κατὰ ς. ἀγωγή synthetic procedure, Id.412.2.
c. Math., ς. λόγου transformation of a ratio known as componendo, Euc.5 Def.14; κατὰ -σιν, = componendo, Archim.Aequil.2.9.
d. Math., addition, Ph.1.11, Plu.2.1018c, Dioph.1 Intr.; καθ᾽ ἁντινοῦν -σιν however many times added, i.e. whatever number of times taken (multiplied), Archim.Spir.1:—also as Pythag. name for 2, Anatol. ap. Theol.Ar.8.
e. in Logic, union of noun and verb or of two objects of thought in a statement, Arist. Int.16a12, de An.430a27; also παρὰ τὴν ς. [λόγος] the fallacy of composition, opp. διαίρεσις, Id.SE177a33.
f. in Physics, composition of substances, parts of organisms, from their elementary constituents, Id.PA646a12, Top.151a23; opp μίξις (combination), Id.GC328a6.
g. in Medicine, compounding of essences and drugs, “τῶν μύρωνThphr. Od.14, al., cf. D.S.4.45, Aglaïas 8.
II. combination of parts so as to form a whole, γενέσεις καὶ ς. Pl.R.533b; τῶν στρωμάτων ς. Id.Plt.280b, cf. Arist.PA645a35, Metaph.1014b37; in plants, Thphr.HP 5.5.2.
b. in concrete sense, a social or political combination, Arist. Pol.1276b7; a military formation, Ael.Tact.18.5.
III. agreement, treaty, Pi.P.4.168, Fr.205; πὸς τὰς συνθέσις in accordance with the agreements, IG5(2).343.41,60 (Orchom. Arc., iv B.C.); ἐκ συνθέσεως by arrangement, D.S.13.112, etc.; “συνθέσεις περὶ γάμωνPlu. Sull.35.
2. ς. λόγων making up accounts, Stud.Pal.4.70.391 (i A.D.); so ς. alone, “εἰς σύνθεσιν τῷ βασιλεῖPTeb.714.6 (ii B.C.).
IV. set, service (most freq. in Lat. synthesis):
1. collection of clothes, wardrobe, Dig.; also, dress, gown, costume, suit, ς. τελείας λευκὰς δεκατρεῖς, γυναικείας ς. PHamb.10.13,21 (ii A.D.), cf. POxy. 1153.23 (i A.D.), 496.4 (ii A.D.), PSI10.1117.11,13 (ii A.D.), Mart.2.46.4, 5.79.2; synthesinam indutus, Suet.Ner.51.
2. service of plate, “ς. πινακίωνBGU781 i 5 (i A.D.), cf. Mart.4.46.15, Stat.Silv.4.9.44.
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hide References (16 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (16):
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 460
    • Aristotle, Poetics, 1449b.35
    • Aristotle, Poetics, 1458a.28
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 13.112
    • Euclid, Elements, 5
    • Isocrates, Helen, 11
    • Plato, Republic, 533b
    • Plato, Republic, 611b
    • Plato, Phaedo, 93a
    • Plato, Sophist, 263d
    • Plato, Statesman, 280b
    • Plato, Cratylus, 431c
    • Suetonius, Nero, 51
    • Plutarch, Sulla, 35
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 4.45
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 5.74
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