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συλλογ-ισμός , ,
A.computation, calculation, κατὰ τοὺς τῶν πατέρων ς. according to the (military) ratings of their fathers, D.S.17.94; κατὰ τὸν ς. τοῦ κοινοῦ πολέμου ἔχειν τὰ κτήματα shall have the property according to the assessment of . . , SIG364.38 (Ephesus, iii B.C.).
2. generally, ratiocination, reasoning, Hp.Decent.11, Pl.Tht.186d, Arist.PA656a27, etc.
II. putting together of observed facts, Pl.Cra.412a; “ς. ἐστιν ὅτι τοῦτο ἐκεῖνοArist.Rh.1371b9: generally, inference, Phld.Sign.14, al.
2. in the Logic of Arist., a syllogism or deductive argument, defined provisionally as an argument in which, certain things being posited, something different from them necessarily follows, APr.24b18, cf. 47a34, al.; of several kinds, e.g. ἀποδεικτικὸς ς. APo.74b11; διαλεκτικὸς ς. Top.100a22; ἐριστικὸς ς. ib.b24; sts. opposed to ἐπαγωγή (q.v.); ἐξ ἐπαγωγῆς ς. the syllogism which springs out of induction, APr.68b15; “τὸ ἐνθύμημα ς. τιςRh.1355a8.
III. Rhet., inference from written to unwritten law, Hermog.Stat.2, al. (cf. Hermog.2.198 R., al.): pl., ib.11.
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hide References (5 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (5):
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 17.94
    • Plato, Cratylus, 412a
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 186d
    • Polybius, Histories, 10.7.3
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.98.3
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