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συμπλέκ-ω , 2 aor. Pass. συνεπλάκην [α^] and συνεπλέκην (v. infr. 11.1 and 2):—
A.twine or plait together, συνδεῖν καὶ ς. Pl.Plt.309b; “στέφανονPlu.Eum.6; σὺν δ᾽ ἀναμὶξ πλέξας ἶριν having twined the iris therewith, AP4.1.9 (Mel.); “ἄτριον κερκίδιTheoc.18.34; τὼ Χεῖρε ἐς τοὐπίσω ξυμπλέκοντες joining their hands behind them, Th.4.4; ς. τινὶ τὰς Χεῖρας join hands, become intimate with one, Plb.2.45.2, cf. 47.6; so “ς. σπέρμα καὶ γάμους τέκνωνE.Fr.326.5: abs., πλάταισιν ἐσχάταισι ς. perh. binding the whole together, Id.IA292 (lyr.):—Pass., to be twined together, plaited, “ἐκ τῶν θαλλῶνDin.1.18; “ ψυχὴ διὰ τὸ συμπεπλέχθαι πρὸς τὸ σῶμα An.406b28, cf. Placit.1.7.31; “πρὸς ἄλληλαPl. Ti.80c; “λύγοισι σῶμα συμπεπλεγμένοιE.Cyc.225; ὅταν συμπλα^κῇ [τὰ στελέχη] when they are twisted together, Thphr.CP5.5.4; ἴχνη συμπεπλεγμένα tracks entangled, crossing in different directions, opp. ὀρθά, X.Cyn.5.6.
2. combine notions logically under one term, “ς. εἰς τὸ αὐτὸ κίνησιν καὶ ἀριθμόν An.409b11, cf.EN1119b30; join words so as to form a proposition, “ς. τὰ ῥήματα τοῖς ὀνόμασιPl. Sph.262d, cf. Tht.202b:—Pass., “ἔκ τινοςId.R.533c; of words, opp. ἁπλῶς λέγεσθαι (to be used singly), Arist.Ph.195b15, cf. Metaph. 1014a13; κατηγορίαι συμπεπλεγμέναι complex, opp. ἁπλαῖ, Id.APr. 49a8, cf. Int.16a23, PA643b30; περὶ τοῦ -πεπλεγμένου on the compound sentence, title of work by Chrysipp., Stoic.2.68.
3. more generally, εὖ τοῖς ὀνόμασι ς. τοὺς νόμους mix up or interweave the laws with rhetorical ornament, D.58.41; ς. τὰς πίστεις τῶν ἀσθενῶν τοῖς προτεινομένοις combines the proof of the weak points with . . , D.H.Rh.8.5; cf. συμπλοκή; ς. πράξεις connect, involve them in mutual relations, Plb.5.105.4, D.S.16.42; [συμπτώματα] Gal.18(2).157; but ς. ἀλλήλαις τὰς πράξεις mix them up, confuse them in a narrative, Plb.5.31.4, cf. Vett.Val.352.27; “ἑτερογενῆ σημεῖα συμπλέκωνGal.16.747.
4. mix ingredients, Sor.1.77, Gal.12.647:—Pass., Arist. Ph.189b5, Philum. ap. Orib.45.29.59.
II. Pass., of persons wrestling, to be intertwined, locked together (cf. σύμπλεγμα)“, συμπλεκέντος Γωβρύεω τῷ ΜάγῳHdt.3.78, cf. Gal.15.124: generally of combatants, to be engaged in close fight, “συμπλακέντες διαγωνίζεσθαιD.9.51, cf. Plb.1.28.2, Luc.Symp.44; “ς. τοῖς πολεμίοιςPlb.3.69.13; “πρὸς τὴν οὐραγίανId.4.11.7; of a ship, to be entangled with her opponent, Hdt.8.84, Plb.1.23.6: metaph., to be at grips with, συμπλακέντα τῇ Σκυθῶν ἐρημίᾳ (i. e. Euathlus) Ar.Ach.704; συμπεπλέγμεθα ξένῳ we are entangled or engaged with him, E.Ba.800, cf. Aeschin.2.153; “περὶ τὸ βῆμα τῷ ΠερικλεῖPlu.Per.11; of war, “ἐπειδὰν ὅμορος πόλεμος συμπλακῇD.2.21; of disputes, etc., to be involved in, λοιδορίαις ς. Pl.Lg.935c; ταῖς μάχαις, τοῖς πολιτικοῖς πράγμασιν, Phld.Mus.p.27K., Rh.1.11S., cf. BGU1011 iii 7(iii B.C.); “ς. τοῖς ΣτωικοῖςLuc.Symp.30; “ς. καὶ μεμψιμοιρεῖνPlb.18.8.3.
2. of sexual intercourse, “Θέτιδι συμπλακείςS.Fr.618; συμπλέκεσθαι ἀλλήλοις to be locked together, Pl.Smp.191a, cf. e; in Arist. of animals, HA541b3, 542a16.
3. Astrol., enter into combination, τῇ Σελήνῃ τοῦ Διὸς ς. Vett.Val.120.2.
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hide References (33 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (33):
    • Aeschines, On the Embassy, 153
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 704
    • Demosthenes, Olynthiac 2, 21
    • Demosthenes, Philippic 3, 51
    • Demosthenes, Against Theocrines, 41
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 16.42
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 800
    • Euripides, Cyclops, 225
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Aulis, 292
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.78
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.84
    • Plato, Laws, 935c
    • Plato, Republic, 533c
    • Plato, Statesman, 309b
    • Plato, Sophist, 262d
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 202b
    • Plato, Symposium, 191a
    • Plato, Timaeus, 80c
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.4
    • Xenophon, On Hunting, 5.6
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 618
    • Polybius, Histories, 18.8.3
    • Polybius, Histories, 1.23.6
    • Polybius, Histories, 1.28.2
    • Polybius, Histories, 2.45.2
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.69.13
    • Polybius, Histories, 4.11.7
    • Polybius, Histories, 5.105.4
    • Polybius, Histories, 5.31.4
    • Plutarch, Eumenes, 6
    • Plutarch, Pericles, 11
    • Lucian, Symposium, 30
    • Lucian, Symposium, 44
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