previous next
συνάπτω ,
A.join together,
I. in physical sense, Χειρὶ Χεῖρα, of dancers, Ar.Th.955 (lyr.); ξ. καὶ ξυνωρίζου Χέρα, in sign of friendship. E.Ba.198, cf. IA832, Pl.Lg.698d; ἰδού, ξύναψον (sc. τὴν Χεῖρα) E.Ph.106; but ς. Χεῖρέ τινος ἐν βρόχοις bind them fast, Id.Ba.615 (troch.), cf. 546 (lyr.); ξ. πόδα, ς. ἴχνος τινί, meet him, Id.Ion538 (troch.), 663; “πόδα ἐς ταὐτὸν ὁδοῦId.Ph.37; δρόμῳ ς. meet in full career, ib.1101; ξ. κῶλον τάφῳ approach the grave, Id.Hel.544; “φόνος ξ. τινὰ γᾷId.Ph.673 (lyr.); ξ. βλέφαρα κόραις close the eyes, Id.Ba.747; στόμα ς. kiss one, Id.IT375; κακὰ κακοῖς ς. link misery with misery, Id.HF1213 (lyr.); κακὰ ξ. . . τινί link him with misery, Id.Med.1232; prov., ς. λίνον λίνῳ join thread to thread, i.e. compare things of the same sort, Stratt.38, Pl.Euthd.298c, Arist.Ph. 207a17, cf. Sch.Pl.l.c.; also δύ᾽ ἐξ ἑνὸς κακὼ ς. E.IT488, cf. Hipp. 515; κοινὴν ξ. δαῖτα παιδί share with him a common meal, Id.Ion 807 (troch.).
2. metaph. of combination in thought, “ς. αὐτὰ εἰς ἓν τρία ὄνταPl.R.588d; “ς. ἐν τοῖς λόγοιςId.Sph.252c; “ἔχουσί τι κοινὸν [αἱ ἀρχαὶ] τὸ συνάπτον αὐτάςArist.Fr.17; “εἴ τι ς. ἀφαιρεῖ διάνοιαId.Metaph.1027b32 (“διαιρεῖAlex.Aphr.); ἀδύνατα ς. Id.Po.1458a27, cf. Phld.Sto.Herc.339.13; “ς. τὸ γίγνεσθαί θ᾽ ἅμα καὶ τὴν τελευτὴν τοῦ βίουAlex.149.18; ς. μηχανήν frame a plan, A.Ag.1609, cf. E.Hel. 1034; ς. ὄναρ εἴς τινα connect it with him, refer it to him, Id.IT[59]; “ς. λόγον πρός τιD.60.12; “πρὸς τὸ ἄκρον οὐ ς. τὸν συλλογισμόνArist. APr.69a18; ς. ἀλλήλοις τό τ᾽ "ἐκστάντες" καὶ τὸ "ὀξέως" take together, Gal.16.547; συνῆψε τὸν λόγον he continues as follows, Id.15.148; but ς. τὸν λόγον, abridge, Theopomp.Com.22: c. acc. et dat., associate with or attribute to, “τί τινιEpicur.Nat.11.9, Sent.Vat.39, Demetr.Lac.Herc.1055.15, cf. Phld.Sign.20:—Pass., “συνάπτεται ἕτερον ἐξ ἄλλουPl.Sph.245e, cf. Phd.60b (v.l.), Epicur.Ep.2p.37U., Nat.28.11; of the words of a sentence, “συνάπτεσθαι ἀλλήλοιςGal. 16.546.
II. with regard to persons,
1. in hostile sense, ς. τὰ στρατόπεδα εἰς μάχην bring them into action, Hdt.5.75; ἐλπὶς . . πολλὰς πόλεις συνῆψε has engaged them in conflict, E.Supp.480; so συνῆψε πάντας ἐς μίαν βλάβην involved them in . . , Id.Ba.1303; for S.Aj.1317, v. συλλύω 11.
b. ς. μάχην join battle, Hdt.6.108; “στρατεύματιA.Pers.336, cf. E.Heracl.808; “ς. πόλεμον πρός τιναςTh. 6.13; “συνάψαι πόλεμον Ἕλλησιν μέγανE.Hel.55, cf. Hdt.1.18; “τοῖς σοφοῖς εὐκτὸν σοφῷ ἔχθραν συνάπτεινId.Heracl.459; “ς. ἀλκήνId.Supp.683; also (without μάχην), engage, Hdt.4.80, cf. Ar.Ach.686 (troch.); “ς. συνάψειςLXX 4 Ki.10.34; “ς. φασγάνων ἀκμάςE.Or.1482 (lyr.); “ἔγχηId.Ph.1192; οὐκ εὐθὺς συνῆψε τὰς ἀπορίας has not immediately rejoined by stating the difficulties, Procl. in Prm.p.533 S.: abs., approach, make contact, Plu.Tim.25:—Pass., “μοι πρός τινας νεῖκος συνῆπτοHdt.7.158, cf. 6.94.
2. in friendly sense, ς. ἑαυτὸν εἰς λόγους τινί enter into conversation with him, Ar.Lys.468 (cf. infr. B.11.1); “φιλία ς. τοὺς καλούς τε κἀγαθούςX.Mem.2.6.22:—Pass., παλλακαῖς συνημμένος, of Aristotle, App.Anth.5.11.
III. Math., esp. in pf. Pass., λόγος συνῆπται ἔκ τε τοῦ . . καὶ τοῦ . . the ratio is compounded of . . , Archim.Sph.Cyl.2.4, al.; ἀναλογία συνημμένη continued proportion (cf. “συνεχής1.3), Nicom.Ar.2.21; συνημμένη μεσότης geometric mean, ibid.
2. in Music, συνημμένα τετράχορδα conjunct tetrachords, Plu.2.1029a; συνημμένων νήτη ib. 1137c.
3. in Logic, συνημμένον ἀξίωμα or τὸ ς., hypothetical proposition as premiss in a syllogism. Chrysipp.Stoic.2.68, Phld.Sign.32, S.E.M.8.109, Gell.16.8.9: pl., Plu.2.43c, Procl. in Prm. p.533 S.; κοῖα συνῆπται; what conclusion follows? Call.Fr.70.3:—cf. “συνάρτησις11.
B. intr.:
3. metaph., ς. ἐν αὐτῇ πάνθ᾽ ὅσα δεῖ τοῖς φίλοις ὑπάρχειν meet together, Arist.EN1156b18; οὐ ς. [αὗται αἱ φιλίαι] do not combine, ib.1157a34; to be connected with, τῷ γένει αἱ ἰδέαι ς. Id.Metaph.1042a15; “ς. πρός τιId.Pol.1276a7, Cat.4b26, APr. 41a1; attach, Id.HA580a15; λύπη ς. [τῷ θεραπεύειν] E.Hipp.187 (anap.), cf. Chrysipp.Stoic.2.174; πόνος ὑπερβάλλων συνάψει θανάτῳ will border upon death, Epicur.Fr.448; ς. εἴς τι have reference to, Thphr.CP6.1.2.
II. of persons, ξ. λόγοισιν enter into conversation, S.El.21; “ἐς λόγους ς. τινίE.Ph.702; ς. εἰς Χορεύματα join the dance, Id.Ba.133 (lyr.); ἐς Χεῖρα γῇ come close to land, Id.Heracl. 429; ς. εἰς τὸν καιρόν come in just at the right time, Plb.3.19.2; ς. τοῖς ἄκροις reach, them, Id.3.93.5, etc.; “ς. εἰς ΣελεύκειανId.5.66.4; “πρὸς τὴν παρεμβολήνId.3.53.10, etc.
2. τύχα ποδὸς ξυνάπτει (s.v.l., -πτοι Murray) μοι, i.e. I have come fortunately, E.Supp. 1014 (lyr.).
3. Astrol., of a heavenly body, to be in conjunction (συναφή) with another, Nech. ap. Vett.Val.280.2, Ptol.Tetr.52, PMag. Leid.W.24.15, Man.2.452, Paul.Al.H.1.
C. Med., unite for oneself and so form, “φιλίανD.S.13.32; “κῆδοςD.C.41.57; v.supr.A.11.2b.
2. to be next to, connected with, τινι X. Oec.5.3.
3. lay hold of, “τοῦ καιροῦPlb.15.28.8.
4. take part with one, assist, τινι E.Hel.1444: abs., A.Pers.742 (troch.); τινος in a thing, ib.724 (troch.), S.Fr.874.
5. bring upon oneself, “πληγάςD.40.32.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
How to enter text in Greek:
hide References (87 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (87):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1609
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 885
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 336
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 724
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 742
    • Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae, 955
    • Bacchylides, Epinicians, 11.1
    • Demosthenes, Against Boeotus 2, 32
    • Demosthenes, Funeral Speech, 12
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 13.32
    • Euripides, Andromache, 620
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 133
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 198
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 1303
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 546
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 615
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 747
    • Euripides, Helen, 1034
    • Euripides, Helen, 55
    • Euripides, Helen, 1444
    • Euripides, Helen, 544
    • Euripides, Heracles, 1213
    • Euripides, Heraclidae, 429
    • Euripides, Heraclidae, 808
    • Euripides, Hippolytus, 187
    • Euripides, Hippolytus, 515
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Aulis, 832
    • Euripides, Ion, 538
    • Euripides, Ion, 807
    • Euripides, Ion, 663
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Taurus, 488
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Taurus, 375
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Taurus, 59
    • Euripides, Medea, 1232
    • Euripides, Orestes, 1482
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 1049
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 106
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 673
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 1101
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 1192
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 1241
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 37
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 49
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 702
    • Euripides, Suppliants, 480
    • Euripides, Suppliants, 1014
    • Euripides, Suppliants, 566
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.75
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.158
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.18
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.80
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.75
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.108
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.94
    • Old Testament, 2 Kings, 10.34
    • Plato, Laws, 698d
    • Plato, Republic, 588d
    • Plato, Phaedo, 60b
    • Plato, Sophist, 245e
    • Plato, Sophist, 252c
    • Plato, Euthydemus, 298c
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 11
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1317
    • Sophocles, Electra, 21
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.29
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 2.6.22
    • Xenophon, Constitution of the Lacedaimonians, 6.3
    • Xenophon, Economics, 5.3
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 874
    • Polybius, Histories, 15.28.8
    • Polybius, Histories, 2.2.8
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.19.2
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.53.10
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.67.9
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.93.5
    • Polybius, Histories, 5.66.4
    • Polybius, Histories, 6.36.1
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 686
    • Aristophanes, Lysistrata, 468
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.13
    • Hippocrates, Aphorismi, 2.25
    • Aretaeus, De causis et signis acutorum morborum (lib. 2), 1.5
    • Plutarch, Timoleon, 25
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 19.13
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 2.30
    • Cassius Dio, Historia Romana, 41.57
    • Claudius Ptolemy, Tetrabiblos, 52
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: