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συνήθεια , ,
b. sexual intercourse, X.Cyr.6.1.31 (v.l.); “ς. ἔχειν μετὰ γυναικόςPlu.2.310e; “πρὸς γυναῖκαVett.Val.288.23.
2. of animals, herding together, Arist.HA575b19; νέμεσθαι κατὰ συνηθείας in herds, ib.611a7, cf. Ael.NA2.31; so of soldiers, κατὰ συνηθείας in messes, Plb.35.4.14.
II. habit, custom, h.Merc.485 (pl.), Hp.VM3, Pl.R. 516a, etc.; pl., φαῦλαι ς. bad habits, Epicur.Sent.Vat.46; “κατὰ συνήθειαν τοῦ προτέρου βίουPl.R.620a; ἐν τοῖς ἤθεσι τοῖς τῆς ἑαυτοῦ συνηθείας in his own accustomed haunts, Id.Lg.865e; ς. τοῦ ἔργου habituation to it, X.Cyn.12.4; “λήθην συνήθειαν τῶν ἀδικημάτωνD. 19.3, cf. 60.27; “πολλῆς . . ς. ῥητορικήEpicur.Fr.46; τῇ ς. τοῦ εἰδώλου by being used to it, 1 Ep.Cor.8.7; practice, Plb.1.42.7, cf.Pl. Lg.656d: with Preps., “διὰ συνήθειανId.Sph.248b; διὰ τὴν ς. Arist. HA494b21; “ἐκ συνηθείαςOGI629.12,79 (Palmyra, ii A.D.); κατὰ ς. Pl.R.l.c.; “παρὰ συνήθειανId.Lg.655e; “ἠναγκάσμεθα ὑπὸ συνηθείαςId.Tht.157b; ς. ἔχειν τῇ πολιτείᾳ to be used to it, practised in it, Plb.39.5.2; “ς. κτᾶσθαι πρὸς τὰ κοινάPlu.2.791a.
2. the customary usage of language, “ἐκ ς. ῥημάτων καὶ ὀνομάτωνPl.Tht.168b, cf. Chrysipp.Stoic.3.33; εἰς συνήθειαν ἐποίησε τοῦ λόγου τούτου τὴν πόλιν καταστῆναι brought the city to habitual use of this phrase, Aeschin. 1.165; ς. τῶν Ἑλλήνων, αἱ κατὰ τὰς διαλέκτους ς., Phld.Rh.1.59 S., Gal.18(2).237, Phld.Po.5.2; ἐν τῇ τεχνικῇ καὶ μὴ εἰκαίᾳ ς. Diocl. Magn.Stoic.3.214: abs., ordinary language, ἐν τῇ ς. Plu.2.22f, cf.ib.c, 1113a; κατὰ τὴν ς. A.D.Synt.323.22, cf. Demetr.Eloc.69, al., D.H. Amm.2.11, Herod.Med. in Rh.Mus.49.549.
III. customary gratuity, Sammelb.7336.13 (iii A.D.), 7369.25 (vi A.D.), PLond.1.113 (3).11, 3.1036.8 (both vi A.D.): pl., perquisites, Cod.Just.3.2.4, Just. Nov.134.1, al.
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hide References (21 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (21):
    • Aeschines, Against Timarchus, 165
    • Aeschines, On the Embassy, 23
    • Demosthenes, On the False Embassy, 3
    • Demosthenes, Funeral Speech, 27
    • Isocrates, To Demonicus, 1
    • Plato, Laws, 655e
    • Plato, Laws, 656d
    • Plato, Laws, 865e
    • Plato, Republic, 620a
    • Plato, Republic, 516a
    • Plato, Sophist, 248b
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 157b
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 168b
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 6.1.31
    • Xenophon, On Hunting, 12.4
    • Polybius, Histories, 1.42.7
    • Polybius, Histories, 35.4.14
    • Polybius, Histories, 39.5.2
    • Hippocrates, De prisca medicina, 3
    • New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 8.7
    • Aelian, De Natura Animalium, 2.31
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