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συστολ-ή , , (συστέλλω)
A.drawing together, drawing up, contraction, ς. εἰς αὑτάς (of souls in pain) Plu.2.564b; [“τὴν ψυχὴν] ποτὲ μὲν εἰς ἡδονὰς καὶ διαχύσεις ἄγεσθαι, ποτὲ δὲ εἰς οἴκτους καὶ συστολάςPtol. Harm.3.7; λύπη ἐστὶν ἄλογος ς. Stoic.3.95, cf. Thphr.Fr.77, Zeno Stoic.1.51, Epicur.Fr.410; esp. in Medic., a contraction of the heart or lungs, opp. διαστολή, Herophil. ap. Placit.4.22.3; “σφυγμός ἐστι διαστολὴ καὶ ς. καρδίας καὶ ἀρτηριῶνGal.8.700; of other organs, [τῆς μήτρας] Sor.1.70b; “συστολαί τινες ἀνειδεῖς εἰς ἄρθραAlex.Trall. Verm.p.589 P., cf. Gal.18(2).128.
3. abasing, taking down, ib.544e.
4. Gramm., change of a long vowel into a short, e.g. ξερόν for ξηρόν, A.D.Synt.281.7; “ς. Ἰωνικὴ ποιητικήEM735.51; also pronouncing as short a syllable that is strictly long, D.H.Comp.25, D.T.633.12, S.E.M.1.108.
5. lessening of expenses, retrenchment, Plb.27.13.4, Phld.Oec.p.71 J. (pl.).
6. spareness, tenuity, “τῶν ἀγαλμάτωνDemetr.Eloc.14.
7. pusillanimity, Poll.5.122.
8. fasting, Sor.1.49, 2.15, al.
9. in fevers, remission, Alex.Trall.Febr.4; but also a chill, the cold stage of ague, Gal.7.428.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (3):
    • Polybius, Histories, 27.13.4
    • Plutarch, Caesar, 60
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, De Compositione Verborum, 25
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