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σχέσις , εως, , (ἔχω, σχεῖν)
A.state, condition, ς. τοῦ σώματος habit of body, much like διάθεσις, which is alterable, opp. ἕξις (constitution or temperament, which is permanent), Hp.Art.8; hence ἐν σχέσει, of temporary, passing conditions, opp. those which have become constitutional (ἐν ἕξει), Gal.10.533; τί διαφέρει ς. ἕξεως; Luc.Symp.23, cf. Herm.81; ς. ἀθλητική the habit of an athlete, D.L.5.67.
b. stationary condition, whether stable or not, opp. κίνησις, Stoic.3.19, 2.115 (pl.), Apollod.ib.3.260, Plot.3.1.7; ἐν σχέσει, opp. ἐν κινήσει, but inclusive of ἐν ἕξει, Stoic.3.26.
3. expression, attitude, Phld.Acad.Ind.pp.50,53 M.; position, posture, as in dancing, Plu.2.747c.
4. relation, Arist.Fr.182, Zeno Stoic.1.49, etc.; πρός τι ς. D.L.9.87: abs., Sch.Ar.Pl.2: also, relationship, Arr.Epict.4.6.26 (but σχέσιν ἀδελφικὴν ἔχειν πρός τινα to be fraternally disposed towards . . , POsl.55.6 (ii/iii A.D.); φιλικὴ ς. POxy.1588.3 (iv A.D.)).
b. Gramm., relation, A.D.Adv. 183.3, al.: also in Metric, κατὰ σχέσιν εἶναι or γεγράφθαι or be relative, i.e. composed with strophic correspondence, Aristid.Quint.1.29, Heph.Poëm.3, Sch.Ar.Nu.518.
5. αἱ δέκα ς., = the ten categories or σχήματα τῆς κατηγορίας, Theol.Ar.59, Nic.p.11P.
6. αὗται αἱ ς., ἑπτὰ οὖσαι the seven positions (sc. ἄνω, κάτω κτλ.), Cleom. 1.1; 'up' and 'down' were not relative (οὐ κατὰ σχέσιν) according to the Stoics, Stoic.2.176.
II. checking, retention, τῆς καθάρσιος (pus or phlegm) Hp.Aph.7.80; “τοῦ οὔρουId.Epid.5.79; opp. ῥοή, Pl.Cra.424a.
III. possession, Aristaenet.1.19; ὅπλων bearing, Pl.R.452c.
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hide References (11 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (11):
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 507
    • Aristophanes, Plutus, 2
    • Demosthenes, Against Stephanus 1, 68
    • Plato, Republic, 452c
    • Plato, Cratylus, 424a
    • Plato, Timaeus, 24b
    • Xenophon, Symposium, 4.57
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 518
    • Hippocrates, De articulis, 8
    • Lucian, Symposium, 23
    • Lucian, Hermotimus, 81
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