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τόν-ος , , (τείνω)
A.that by which a thing is stretched, or that which can itself be stretched, cord, brace, band, οἱ τ. τῶν κλινέων the cords of beds or chairs, Hdt.9.118, cf. Ar.Eq.532 (anap.), Philippid.12, Michel 832.48 (Samos, iv B.C.); sg., bedcords, Ar.Lys.923; “ὠμολίνου μακροὶ τόνοιA.Fr.206; ἐκ τριῶν τ. of three plies or strands, of ropes, X.Cyn.10.2.
2. in animals, τόνοι are sinews or tendons, Hp.Art.11 ( = nerves acc. to Gal.18(1).380):—of pneumogastric nerves, Ruf.Onom.158.
3. in machines, twisted skeins of gut in torsion-engines, Ph.Bel.65.34, al., Hero Bel.83.4, Plu.Marc. 15.
4. row or line of pillars, ib.1668.48.
II. stretching, tightening, straining, strain, tension, τ. τῶν ὅπλωνHdt. 7.36; power of contracting muscles, Sor.1.112; “τ. καὶ ῥώμηId.2.48; τὸν τῆς ὁλκῆς τ. ὑπεκλῦσαι diminish the strength of the pull, ib. 61.
2. of sounds, raising of the voice, Aeschin.3.209,210, D.18.280, Phld.Lib.p.19 O., etc.: hence,
a. pitch of the voice, Pl.R. 617b, Arist.Phgn.807a17, etc.; including volume,τόνοι φωνῆς: ὀξύ, βαρύ, μικρόν, μέγαX.Cyn.6.20; κλαυθμυρίσαι μετὰ τόνου τοῦ προσήκοντος, of a new-born baby, Sor.1.79; “τῷ αὐτῷ τ. εἰπεῖνArist.Rh. 1413b31; “ἐν τ. ἀνιεμένοις καὶ βαρέσιId.Aud.804a26; τὴν φωνὴν καὶ τὸν τ. ἐξάραντα Hieronym. ap. D.H.Isoc.13 (cf. Phld.Rh.1.198 S.); “σῴζειν τὸν τ.Longin.9.13: pl., Phld.Rh.1.196S.; of a musical instrument, Plu.2.827b, etc.; diatonic scale, APl.4.220 (Antip.): metaph. of colour, 'values', Plin.HN35.29.
b. pitch or accent of a word or syllable, Arist.Rh.1403b29, D.T.629.27, A.D.Pron.8.8, al., Gal.16.495 (the meaning of the Adv. τόνῳ mentioned by A.D. Adv.167.2 is not given by him ( = λίαν, Hsch.); τόνῳ, = μετὰ προθυμίας ἰσχυρᾶς, was read by Gal.16.585) in Hp.Prorrh.1.36 (ξὺν τόνῳ or ξὺν πόνῳ codd.Hp.)).
c. measure or metre,ἐν ἑξαμέτρῳ τ.Hdt. 1.47,62, 5.60; “ἐν τριμέτρῳ τ.Id.1.174.
d. in Musical writers, key, Aristox.Harm.2p.37M., Plu.2.1134a, 1135a, etc.
3. mental or physical exertion, τ. ἀμφ᾽ ἀρετῆς, i.e. in praising it, Xenoph.1.20; bodily energy,ἰσχὺς καὶ τ.Luc.Anach.25, cf. 27; συστρέψαι τὸν τ. (by massage) Gal.6.91: generally, force, intensity, Plu.Demetr.21, 2.563f, etc.; “τ. ὀργῆςId.Brut.34; “τ. πνεύματοςLuc.Dem.Enc.7; τ. τῆς φαρμακείης its efficiency, Hp.Ep.16; τ. δυνάμεων, title of a work by Heras, Gal.13.416; “τ. σοφιστικόςEun.VSp.497B.
4. in Stoic Philos., 'tension', force, in Nature and Man, “πληγὴ πυρὸς τόνος ἐστί, κἂν ἱκανὸς ἐν τῇ ψυχῇ γένηται πρὸς τὸ ἐπιτελεῖν τὰ ἐπιβάλλοντα, ἰσχὺς καλεῖται καὶ κράτοςCleanth.Stoic.1.128; “ ζωτικὸς τ.Stoic.2.235, Gal.6.321; “αἰσθητικὸς τ.Stoic.2.215; συνεκτικὸς τ. the tension which holds the universe together, ib.134.
III. metaph., tenor of one's way, course,εὐθὺν τ. τρέχεινPi.O.10(11).64; “ἕνα τόνον ἔχεινPlu.Dem.13.
IV. quarter of a city, IG12(5).872.36, al. (Tenos).
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hide References (21 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (21):
    • Aeschines, Against Ctesiphon, 209
    • Aristophanes, Knights, 532
    • Aristophanes, Lysistrata, 923
    • Demosthenes, On the Crown, 280
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.174
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.60
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.36
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.47
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.118
    • Plato, Republic, 617b
    • Xenophon, On Hunting, 6.20
    • Xenophon, On Hunting, 10.2
    • Hippocrates, De articulis, 11
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 35.29
    • Plutarch, Brutus, 34
    • Plutarch, Demosthenes, 13
    • Plutarch, Demetrius, 21
    • Plutarch, Marcellus, 15
    • Lucian, Anacharsis, 25
    • Lucian, Anacharsis, 27
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, De Isocrate, 13
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