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τοι , prop. ethical dative of σύ (q. v.), but used as an enclit. Particle,
A.let me tell you, mark you, look you (in Engl. we freq. convey the impression by means of emphasis or tone), implying a real or imagined audience, freq. in Hom. and always in speeches (exc. “ὃς δή τοιIl.10.316, Od.20.289), “αἰσχρόν τοι δηρόν τε μένειν κτλ.Il.2.298; “ἀλλ᾽ ἐφομαρτεῖτε: πλεόνων δέ τοι ἔργον ἄμεινον12.412 codd.; τοῦτο δέ τοι ἐρέουσα ἔπος . . εἶμι surely I will go, 1.419; ταύτης τοι γενεῆς . . εὔχομαι εἶναι (recapitulating) 6.211 (so at the close of a narrative, Theoc. 11.80); οὗτός τοι . . ἀπὸ στρατοῦ ἔρχεται ἀνήρ here comes, look you . . , Il.10.341 (vulg., “οὗτός τιςAristarch., etc.); freq. it is hard to dist. from the Ep. dat., as in “ποῦ τοι ἀπειλαὶ οἴχονται;13.219; so in Hes.Op. 287 (addressed to Perses),347,719, cf. Emp.17.14 (addressed to Pausanias), Pi.P.2.72 (addressed to Hiero), al.; and so in Trag. dialogue, A.Eu.729, etc.; “σέτοι κικλήσκωS.OC1578 (lyr.); betw. chorus and actor, Id.Ph.855 (lyr.), etc.; folld. by a plural, Tyrt.10.11 (cf. 13); so “ἄρσενάς τοι τῆσδε γῆς οἰκήτορας εὑρήσετεA.Supp.952: hence, as addressed to an imaginary audience, without personal reference, introducing a general sentiment or maxim, Thgn.153; “τὸ συγγενές τοι δεινόνA.Pr.39, al.
II. in subordinate clauses,
3. final, “ὅπως . . τοιS.El.1469, cf. Hp.Morb.2.33.
III. freq. combined with other Particles, “ἀλλά τοιThgn.656, Pi.P.3.19, etc.; “ἀλλὰ . . τοιA.Pers.795, Ag.1304, etc.; γάρ τοι (“γάρA. 11.9); γέ τοι γε 1.5); ἤτοι, καίτοι (v. sub vv.); μέν τοι (“μένB. 11.4); μή τοι, οὔ τοι; cf. also τοιγάρ, τοιγάρτοι, τοιγαροῦν, τοίνυν; so in τοι ἄρα, τοι ἆρα, which however are mostly contracted by crasis into τἆρα; as also τοι ἄν into τἄν, μέντοι ἄν into μεντἄν.
B. Position: τοι usually stands early in the sentence (or clause), e.g. “Ζεύς ἐστιν αἰθήρ, Ζεὺς δὲ γῆ, Ζεὺς δ᾽ οὐρανός, Ζεύς τοι τὰ πάνταA.Fr.70, etc.
2. hence τοι is sts. placed betw. Art. and Subst. or Adj., or betw. Prep. and Subst., “τό τ. μέγιστονPl.Sph.261c; “ἐπί τ. ἈκράγαντιPi.O.2.90, cf. Ar.Ec.972, etc.; also after Prep. in compd. Verb, “ἔκ τ. πέπληγμαιE.Hipp.934, cf. Or.1047, Ar.V.784.
3. τοι repeated, “σύ τ. σύ τ. κατηξίωσαςS.Ph.1095 (lyr.).
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (36):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1304
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 729
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 39
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 795
    • Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens, 952
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 933
    • Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae, 972
    • Aristophanes, Wasps, 784
    • Bacchylides, Epinicians, 11.4
    • Euripides, Hippolytus, 934
    • Euripides, Medea, 677
    • Euripides, Orestes, 1047
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 287
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 719
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 347
    • Homer, Iliad, 10.341
    • Homer, Iliad, 22.488
    • Homer, Odyssey, 20.289
    • Homeric Hymns, Hymn 4 to Hermes, 138
    • Plato, Republic, 343a
    • Plato, Sophist, 261c
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 142b
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 327
    • Sophocles, Electra, 582
    • Sophocles, Electra, 1469
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1578
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 549
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 551
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 1095
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 855
    • Homer, Iliad, 10.316
    • Homer, Iliad, 12.412
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.419
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.298
    • Homer, Iliad, 6.211
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 321
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