previous next
τρέω , Hom. (v. infr.), A.Th.790 (lyr.): Ep. impf.
A.τρέονHes.Sc. 213, 2dual τρεέτην ib. 171: aor. “ἔτρεσαIl.11.745, Ep. “τρέσσα17.603: later Ep. pres. τρείω Opp.C.1.417, (ὑπο-) Timo 58.4:—this Verb is never contracted, except when the contraction is into ει:— flee from fear, flee away (Aristarch. held this to be the usual meaning in Homer), “τρεῖν μ᾽ οὐκ ἐᾷ ΠαλλάςIl.5.256; “μήτε . . τρέε μήτε τι τάρβει21.288; “τρέσσε δὲ παπτήνας11.546, 17.603; τρεῖτ᾽ ἄσπετον ib.332: the sense of fleeing is most apparent in the phrases “ἔτρεσαν ἄλλυδις ἄλλος11.745, “τρέσσαν δ᾽ ἄλλυδις ἄλληOd.6.138, “τ. τεῖχος ὕποIl.22.143; “τρεέτηνHes.Sc.171; “μὴ τρέσητεA.Supp.711; μὴ τρέσας without fear, Id.Th.436; “οὐδὲν τρέσαςPl.Phd.117b; but,
2. τρέσας (cf. “ἀνδρῶν τρεσσάντωνIl.14.522, Tyrt.11.14) was a technical term at Sparta, and sts. used where we might say runaway, coward, τρέσας ἈριστόδημοςHdt.7.231, cf. Tyrt.l.c., AP7.230 (Eryc.); “οἱ ἐν τῇ μάχῃ καταδειλιάσαντες, οὓς αὐτοὶ τρέσαντας ὀνομάζουσιPlu.Ages.30, cf. Lyc. 21, 2.191c, etc.:—and later a real Subst. was used in Com., τρεσᾶς , τρεσᾶ, acc. τρεσᾶν, Eust.772.12, cf. Gramm. ap. Gaisford Choeroboscus1p.43.
3. in Argive Prose, like Att. φεύγω, to be banished,τρἐτο_ καὶ δαμευέσσθο_IG4.554 (vi/v B. C.).
II. trans., fear, dread, be afraid of, c. acc., Il.11.554, Pi.Pae.4.40, A.Th.397, Ag.549, al., S. Ant.1042, E.Ph.1077; “ἄρκτον . . οὐκ ἔτρεσενX.An.1.9.6:—so also c. gen., κελάδοιο, δηϊοτῆτος, Hes.Th.850: τ. μὴ . . A.Th.790 (lyr.).— Rare in Prose. (Cf. Skt. trásati 'to be terrified', Gr. ἄτρεστος.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
How to enter text in Greek:
hide References (24 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (24):
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 397
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 436
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 790
    • Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens, 711
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 1077
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.231
    • Hesiod, Shield of Heracles, 171
    • Hesiod, Shield of Heracles, 213
    • Hesiod, Theogony, 850
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.546
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.554
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.745
    • Homer, Iliad, 17.603
    • Homer, Iliad, 21.288
    • Plato, Phaedo, 117b
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 1042
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 1.9.6
    • Homer, Iliad, 14.522
    • Homer, Iliad, 22.143
    • Homer, Iliad, 5.256
    • Homer, Odyssey, 6.138
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 549
    • Plutarch, Lycurgus, 21
    • Plutarch, Agesilaus, 30
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: