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τρίβολος [ι^], , name of various prickly plants,
a. water-chestnut, Trapa natans,τ. ἔνυδροςThphr.HP4.9.1, Dsc.4.15.
b. caltrops, Tribulus terrestris, Ar.Lys.576; τ. περικαρπιάκανθος, χερσαῖος, Thphr.HP3.1.6, 6.1.3, Dsc. l.c.; “ἄκανθαι καὶ τ.LXX Ge.3.18; “βάτοι καὶ τ.Ph.1.680, cf. IG14.1934f1 (Rome):—Alc.47 calls sour wine ὀξύτερος τριβόλων.
c. τ. φυλλάκανθος, thorny trefoil, Fagonia cretica, Thphr.HP6.5.3.
d. τ. παραθαλάσσιος, prickly samphire, Echinophora spinosa, Hp.Nat.Mul.32.
II. τρίβολοι, οἱ, a threshing-machine, a board with sharp stones fixed in the bottom, Ph.Bel.85.36, al., LXX 2 Ki.12.31, Longus 3.30; τ. ξύλινος (in the section περὶ κάρρων) Edict.Diocl.15.41; “τριβόλους ἀχυρότριβαςAP6.104 (Phil.).
III. caltrop, i. e. a four-spiked implement thrown on the ground to lame the enemy's horses, Ph.Bel.100.7, Plu.2.200a, Polyaen.1.39.2, 4.3.17, Hdn.4.15.2, Procop.Goth.3.24.
b. τ. πηχῶν έ a larger contrivance for stopping boulders, etc., thrown down a slope, Ath.Mech. 38.2.
c. οἱ κατακρημνώμενοι τ. an instrument hung from the walls of a fortress as a defence against battering-rams, Ph.Bel.100.15.
d. a kind of missile, “τριβόλων σιδηρῶν σφενδονῆταιD.H.20.1; οἱ τ. οἱ καιόμενοι a kind of incendiary missile, Ph.Bel.100.20, cf. 94.9.
IV. part of the bit of a bridle, PCair.Zen.782a).9 (iii B. C.), Poll.1.148, Hsch.
V. dub. sens. in naval dockyard records, “σίδηρος ἐκ τοῦ τ.IG22.1629.1154, 1631.338.
VI. as Adj., three-tiered,πυρὰ πυργοειδὴς τ.D.C.74.5.
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hide References (7 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (7):
    • Aristophanes, Lysistrata, 576
    • Old Testament, Genesis, 3.18
    • Old Testament, 2 Samuel, 12.31
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 20.1
    • Cassius Dio, Historia Romana, 74.5
    • Longus, Daphnis & Chloe, 3.30
    • Procopius, de Bellis, 3.24
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