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ὗς (A), ὗν, gen. ὑός [υ^]; or σῦς, σῦν, gen. συ^ός, and : Hom. prefers σῦς, and uses ὗς only metri gr.: in Hdt. and Att. ὗς is the prevailing form, as also at Rhodes, IG12(1).905, Myconos, SIG1024.16(iii/ii B. C.), etc., and ὑῶν ὄρος is an Argive place-name, ib.56.25 (V B.C.);
A.ὖςAlc.99 (s.v.l.); both forms in Pi., v. infr.; ὗς in PCair.Zen. 462.7 (iii B. C.), LXXLe.11.7, al. (σῦς only as v. l. in Ps.79(80).14), and Plb.8.29.4, 31.14.3, 34.8.8 (συναγρειον f.l. in 8.26.10, B.-W. ii Praef. p.lxxvii); but σῦς (acc. σῦν) in IG5(1).1390.34, al. (Andania, i B. C.): pl., nom. ὕες, σύες; acc. ὕας, σύας, Att. “ὗςPl.Tht.166c, Plb.12.4.5,8, GDI5633.9 (Clazomenae) (“σῦςOd.14.107); gen. ὑῶν, συῶν; dat. ὑσί (“συσίIl.5.783, 7.257), but Ep. also “ὕεσσιOd.13.410, σύεσσι (v. infr.):—the wild swine, of the boar,σῦν ἄγριον ἀργιόδονταIl.9.539, cf. 8.338, al.; “ἀργοτέρῳ συΐ καπρίῳ11.293; “ἀγροτέροισι σύεσσιν ἐοικότε12.146; “ἀργιόδοντος ὑός10.264; also called σῦς κάπριος or κάπρος, v. sub vocc.; cf. also χλούνης; of the sow,συὸς ληϊβοτείρηςOd.18.29; “ὗς ἄγριοςHdt.4.192, cf. X.Cyr.1.6.28, etc.; ὕες (v.l. ὗς)“ ἄγριαιArist.HA578a25.
2. of the domesticated animal, Od. 14.14; the hogs being eaten, “ὕες θαλέθοντες ἀλοιφῇIl.23.32; they were fed on acorns, Od. 10.243; also on μῆλα πλατανίστινα, Gal.6.597; “τοκὰς ὗςsus foeta, Luc.Lex.6, cf. Od. 14.16; “ὗς ἐπίτεξAlciphr. 3.73.
3. provs., Βοιωτία ὗς, of stupidity (cf. συοβοιωτοί), Pi.O.6.90, cf. Fr.83 (σύας; ὗς ποτ᾽ Ἀθαναίαν ἔριν ἤρισεν (or more shortly ὗς τὴν Ἀθηνᾶν, Lat. sus Minervam, Plu.Dem. 11), of dunces setting themselves up against wise men, Theoc.5.23; “οὐκ ἂν πᾶσα ὗς γνοίηPl. La.196d; ὗς διὰ ῥόδων 'a bull in a china-shop', Crates Com.4; ὗς ἐκώμασε, of arrogant and insolent behaviour, Theognost.Can.24; ὗς ὑπὸ ῥόπαλον δραμεῖται, of one who runs wilfully into destruction, Dinoloch.14; παχὺς ὗς ἔκειτ᾽ ἐπὶ στόμα (cf. βοῦς VIII) Men.21; λύσω τὴν ἐμαυτῆς ὗν I will give my rage vent ('go the whole hog'), Ar.Lys. 684.
II. = ὕαινα 11, Epich.68, Archestr.Fr.22.1.
III. v. ὕσγη. (Cf. Lat. συ_ς, OE. sú, sw-in: perh. I.-E. sū-s fem. 'mother', cf. Skt. sū-s 'mother', sū-te 'bring forth (young)'; change of meaning as in Polish maciora (1) 'mother', (2) 'sow', and in Sardinian mardi 'sow', from mater; Skt. sū-s is also masc., and σῦς is difficult.)
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