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ὕλη [υ_], ,
A.forest, woodland, Il.11.155, Od.17.316, Ep.Jac.3.5, etc.; “γῆν . . δασέαν ὕλῃ παντοίῃHdt.4.21; “ἀπ᾽ ὕλης ἀγρίης ζώεινId.1.203; ὕλα ἀεργός virgin forest, Berl.Sitzb.1927.167 (Cyrene); τὰ δένδρα καὶ ὕλη fruit-trees and forest-trees, Th.4.69 (cf.δένδρον); not only of forest-trees, but also of copse, brushwood, undergrowth (cf. ὕλημα), directly opp. to timber-trees, X.An.1.5.1, Oec.16.13, 17.12, PSI6.577.8 (iii B. C.), Sor.1.40: also in pl., h.Cer.386, Hecat.291 J., Mosch.3.88, Plb. 5.7.10, D.S.3.48, D.H.Th.6, Str.5.1.12, 15.1.60, Plu.Pyrrh.25, Cat. Ma.21, Comp.Cim.Luc.3, Luc.Prom.12, Sacr.10, Am.12, Babr.12.2, al., Nonn.D.3.69,252, 16.91, 36.70, etc.
II. wood cut down, Od.5.257 (cf. III); firewood, fuel, Il.7.418, 23.50,111, al., Od.9.234, Hdt.4.164,6.80; brushwood, Id.7.36, Th.2.75, etc.; timber,. ναυπηγησίμηPl.Lg.705c; “ϝαυπηγήσιμος καὶ οἰκοδομικήThphr.HP5.7.1, cf. IG42(1).102.50 (Epid., iv B. C.); also, twigs for birds' nests, Arist.HA559a2.
III. the stuff of which a thing is made, material, (perh. so of wood), Od.5.257; rarely of other material, as metal, “οἱ παρ᾽ ἄκμονι . . ὕλην ἄψυχον δημιουργοῦντεςPlu.2.802b (cf. S.Fr.844, but ὕλη is Plutarch's word): generally, materials, PMasp.151.91 (vi A. D.).
2. in Philosophy, matter, first in Arist. (Ti.Locr.93b, al. is later); defined as τὸ ὑποκείμενον γενέσεως καὶ φθορᾶς δεκτικόν, GC320a2; as τὸ ἐζ οὗ γίγνεται, Metaph.1032a17; οὐσία τε . καὶ τὸ εἶδος καὶ τὸ ἐκ τούτων ib.1035a2; opp. as δυνάμει τόδε τι to τόδε τι ἐνεργεία, ib. 1042a27; opp. ἐντελέχεια, ib.1038b6: in later philosoph. writers, mostly opp. to the intelligent and formative principle (νοῦς), Procl. Inst.72, etc.; “. τῶν ἀριθμῶνIamb.Comm.Math.4.
3. matter for a poem or treatise, . τραγική, ποιητικαὶ ὗλαι, Plb.2.16.14, Longin. 13.4, cf. 43.1, Vett.Val.172.1, etc.; ὑποκειμένη . the subject-matter, Arist.EN1094b12, cf. Phld.Rh.2.124 S.
4. . ἰατρική materia medica, Dsc.tit.; so ὕλη alone, materia medica, Id.1 Prooem., Gal. 17(2).181; ὗλαι τῆς τέχνης ibid., cf. 6.77, Sor.1.83,110, 2.15,28; “ . τῶν ὁπλομαχικῶν ἐνεργειῶνGal.6.157.
b. μέση ὕλη the middle range of diet, Sor.1.46, 2.15; “τροφιμωτέρα ὕληId.1.95, cf. 36.
5. pl., material resources,βασιλικαὶ ὗλαιPh.1.640.
IV. sediment, Ar.Fr.879, cf. Sch.Ar.Pl.1086, 1088 (hence ὑλίζω ἀφ-, δι-)“, ὑλώδης11); mud, slime, UPZ70.9 (ii B. C.); ὕλῃ, ὕλει, and ἰλυῖ are cj. for ὕδει in Thgn.961.
2. matter excreted from the human body, Sor.1.22,23,25, al.; “ . τῶν ἐμπυημάτωνGal.18(2).256; phlegm, catarrh, PMed. in Arch.Pap.4.270 (iii A. D.).
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hide References (32 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (32):
    • Aristophanes, Plutus, 1086
    • Aristophanes, Plutus, 1088
    • Aristophanes, Plutus, 11
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.203
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.164
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.21
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.80
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.36
    • Homer, Odyssey, 9.234
    • Homer, Odyssey, 17.316
    • Homer, Odyssey, 5.257
    • Homeric Hymns, Hymn 2 to Demeter, 386
    • Plato, Laws, 705c
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.75
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.69
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 1.5.1
    • Xenophon, Economics, 16.13
    • Xenophon, Economics, 17.12
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.155
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.50
    • Homer, Iliad, 7.418
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 844
    • Polybius, Histories, 2.16.14
    • Polybius, Histories, 5.7.10
    • Strabo, Geography, 15.1.60
    • Strabo, Geography, 5.1.12
    • New Testament, James, 3.5
    • Plutarch, Pyrrhus, 25
    • Lucian, Prometheus, 12
    • Lucian, De sacrificiis, 10
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 3.48
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, De Thucydide, 6
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