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ὑπερβαίνω , fut.
A.-βήσομαιHeraclit.94: aor. 2 ὑπερέβην, Ep. 3pl. “ὑπέρβα^σανIl.12.469:—step over, mount, scale, c. acc., “τεῖχοςIl. l. c.; “οὐδόνOd.8.80; “τείχηE.Ba.654, Th.3.20; “γεῖσα τειχέωνE.Ph.1180; “τάφρουςId.Rh.111; . τοὺς οὔρους cross the boundaries, Hdt.6.108; τὰ ὄρεα, Αἷμον, Id.4.25, Th.2.96; δόμους step over the threshold of the house, E.Med.382 codd.; “δῶμαId.Ion514 (troch., s. v. l.); “. τέγος ὡς τοὺς γείτοναςD.22.53; . τὴν οἰκίαν τινός, of burglars, PTeb.796.2 (ii B. C.); but more usu. . εἰς τὴν οἰκίαν ib.793vi21 (ii B. C.), cf. BGU 1007.10 (iii B. C.), PSI4.396.4 (iii B. C.) (the usage c. gen. is more than dub.; in Hdt.3.54 the best codd. have ἐπέβησαν; in E.Supp. 1049 Kirchhoff restored ὑπεκβᾶσ᾽; in Ion220 Herm. supplied βα_λόν): abs., “. εἰς τὴν τῶν ΘηβαίωνX.HG5.4.59; “τῶν [ἡδονῶν] εἰς τὸ ἐπέκεινα .Pl.R.587c; of rivers, overflow, ἐς τὴν χώρην, ἐς τὰς ἀρούρας, Hdt.2.13,14; εἰ ἐθελήσει ὑπερβῆναι ποταμὸς ταύτῃ ib.99.
2. overstep, transgress,μέτραHeraclit. l. c.; “οὐ θέμιν οὐδὲ δίκανPi.Fr.1.5; “νόμους τοὺς ΠερσέωνHdt.3.83, cf. S.Ant.449, al.; “τοὺς ὅρκουςD.11.2; “τὸν τῶν ἀναγκαίων ὅρονPl.R.373d; “τῆς εἱμαρμένης ὅρονIG12(7).53.32 (Amorgos, iii A. D.); τἀληθές exceed the truth, Phld.Po.5.24: abs., transgress, trespass, sin, ὅτε κέν τις ὑπερβήῃ (Ep. aor. subj.) “καὶ ἁμάρτῃIl.9.501; “. καὶ ἁμαρτάνοντεςPl.R.366a, cf. 1 Ep.Thess.4.6.
3. pass or go beyond,τοὺς προσεχέαςHdt.3.89; leave out, omit, Pl.R.528d, al., Epicur.Ep.3p.63U., Gal.15.592, etc.; “. τι τῷ λόγῳD.4.38; “. τὸ σαφὲς εἰπεῖνId.60.31; pass over, i. e. leave unmolested, the next heir, Is. 3.57; . τῆς οὐσίας omit part of it, Arist.APo.91b27.
4. jump across an intervening space, Phld.D.3.9.
5. of Time, pass by, elapse,ὑπερβάντων τῶν τῆς συμπαθείας χρόνωνSor.2.41.
II. go beyond, ὑπερβὰς ἑβδομήκοντα [ἔτη] after passing the age of seventy, Pl.Lg.755b; . τοῦτο go beyond this, in their demands, Plb.2.15.6; transcend,τὸν νοῦνPlot.6.7.39: abs., dies ὑπερβαίνοντες supernumerary days in the calendar, Macr.Sat.1.13.10.
III. stand over. shield, protect, c. dat., Opp.H.1.710.
B. Causal in aor. 1, put over, ὑπερβησάτω ἐπὶ τὰς δεξιὰς πλευρὰς τὴν κνήμην, as a direction to one mounting a horse, X.Eq.7.2.
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hide References (35 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (35):
    • Demosthenes, Philippic 1, 38
    • Demosthenes, Reply to Philip, 2
    • Demosthenes, Against Androtion, 53
    • Demosthenes, Funeral Speech, 31
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 654
    • Euripides, Ion, 220
    • Euripides, Ion, 514
    • Euripides, Medea, 382
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 1180
    • Euripides, Suppliants, 1049
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.54
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.89
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.25
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.108
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.13
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.83
    • Homer, Odyssey, 8.80
    • Isaeus, Pyrrhus, 57
    • New Testament, 1 Thessalonians, 4.6
    • Plato, Laws, 755b
    • Plato, Republic, 366a
    • Plato, Republic, 373d
    • Plato, Republic, 478c
    • Plato, Republic, 528d
    • Plato, Republic, 587c
    • Plato, Timaeus, 24d
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 449
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.96
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.20
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 5.4.59
    • Xenophon, On the Art of Horsemanship, 7.2
    • Homer, Iliad, 12.469
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.501
    • Polybius, Histories, 2.15.6
    • Euripides, Rhesus, 111
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