A.liable to give account for one's administration of an office, responsible, ὑ. ἀρχή, opp.μουναρχίη, Hdt.3.80; “τραχὺς μόναρχος, οὐδ᾽ ὑ. κρατεῖ” A.Pr.326, cf. Ch.715; “οὐχ ὑπεύθυνος πόλει” Id.Pers.213; ὑ. τὴν παραίνεσιν ἔχοντας πρὸς ἀνεύθυνον τὴν ὑμετέραν ἀκρόασιν we who advise are responsible, while you who hear are irresponsible, Th. 3.43; οἱ ὑ., at Athens, magistrates who, on quitting office, had to give an account of their administration to examiners (εὔθυνοι) and (if they had handled public funds) to auditors (λογισταί), Ar.Eq. 259, V.102, Antipho 6.43, etc.; “ὁπόσοι ἄρχοντες ἐν μιᾷ πόλει γεγένηνται, ὑ. εἰσιν” And.4.30; ἄνδρες λογισταὶ τῶν ὑ. χορῶν, addressed to the spectators, who were 'auditors' and judges of the performance, Eup.223.
2. c. gen., under liability for, answerable for, ὑ. ἑτέρας ἀρχῆς Jusj. ap. D.24.150; “προκλήσεως” Id.45.43; of slaves, σῶμα ὑ. ἀδικημάτων their body is liable for their misdeeds, i.e. they must pay for them with their body, Id.22.55; τῆς ἀγνοίας ὑ. held responsible for it, Id.18.196; “τῆς φωνῆς” Luc.Salt.27.
3. c. dat., ὑ. κινδύνῳ, ὑ. τιμωρίᾳ, Lycurg.129,148, cf. BCH17.242 (Phrygia): c. dat. pers., responsible to another, dependent on him, “ὑ. ὢν οὐδενί” D.18.235; διδόναι ἑαυτὸν ὑ. τῇ τύχῃ, etc., ib.189, cf. Aeschin.2.170; “τῇ γνώμῃ τῶν πολλῶν” Phld.Ind.Sto.21.
II. Adv. “-νως” Poll.3.139.