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χάσκω , Anacr.14.8, Ar.V.1493 (anap.); subj.
A.χάσκῃςId.Eq.1032 (hex.); inf. “χάσκεινX.Eq.10.7, (ἐγ-) Ar.V.721; part. “χάσκωνSol. 13.36, Hp.Art.30, f.l. in Ar.Eq.1018 (hex.), (ἀνα-) Id.Av.502(anap.): Ion. fem. χασκευσα Herod.4.42 Pap. (also Med. “χασκόμενοιCass.Pr. 20): pres. χαίνω only in late writers, Phld.Rh.2.189 S., Antig.Mir. 128, AP9.797 (Jul.), 11.242 (Nicarch.), Gal.7.686, Gp.10.30 tit., etc., (ἐπι-) Luc.DMort.6.3, (περι-) Ael.NA3.20: fut. χα^νοῦμαι ἐγ-) Ar.Eq. 1313 (troch.), (ἀνα-) Hp.Steril.217, Superf.29, etc.: aor. 2 “ἔχα^νονIl.4.182, al., Hp.Art.30, S.Aj.1227, Ar.V.342 (lyr.), etc.; aor. 1 “ἔχα_ναAesop.223: pf. “κέχηναIl.16.409, Hp.Coac.487, etc.; Dor. 3pl. “κεχάναντιSophr.25 (Hdn.Gr.2.793 cites κεχήνετε from Ar.Ach.133, and A.D.Adv.197.31 has κέχαγκα): plpf. “ἐκεχήνεσανAr.Eq.651; early Att. “᾿κεχήνηId.Ach.10.—Used by Hom. only in aor. 2 χάνοι, χανών, and pf. part. κεχηνώς:—yawn, gape, τότε μοι χάνοι εὐρεῖα χθών then may earth yawn for me, i.e. to swallow me, Il.4.182, 8.150, cf. 17.417; esp. of opening the mouth wide,[αἷμα] ἀνὰ στόμα καὶ κατὰ ῥῖνας πρῆσε χανών16.350; ἕλκ᾽ ἐκ δίφροιο κεχηνότα ib.409; ἐάλη τε χανών, of a lion, 20.168; πρὸς κῦμα χανὼν ἀπὸ θυμὸν ὀλέσσαι, of one drowning, Od.12.350: c. acc., “στόμα χάσκωνAP11.418 (Trajan); of a wound, v.l. in S.Fr.508; of shellfish, “αἵ γα μὰν κόγχαι . . κεχάναντι πᾶσαιSophr. l.c.; “ἐπεὰν κροκόδειλος . . χάνῃ . . πρὸς τὸν ζέφυρονHdt.2.68; of a goose, “πλατυγίζοντα καὶ κεχηνόταEub.115; of fruit, burst with ripeness, M.Ant.3.2, Gp.l.c.
2. after Hom., gape in eager expectation, χάσκοντες κούφαις ἐλπίσι τερπόμεθα Sol.l.c.: freq. in Com., ὅτε δὴ 'κεχήνη προσδοκῶν τὸν Αἰσχύλον when I was all agape, Ar.Ach.10; λύκος ἔχανεν the wolf opened his mouth (for nothing), prov. of disappointed hopes, Id.Fr.337, cf. Eub.15.11, Euphro 1.30: with Preps., “πρὸς ταῦτα κεχηνώςAr.Nu.996 (anap.); “πρὸς ἄλλην τινὰ χάσκειAnacr. l.c., cf. Ar.Eq.651,804 (anap.), Porph.Marc.9, etc.; ἔς τι (sc. νόμισμα) Philostr.VA2.7; ἄνω κεχηνώς, of a stargazer, Ar.Nu.172, cf. Av.51, Pl.R.529b; “ὧδε χὧδε χ.Herod.4.42; “κεχηνότεςgaping fools, Ar.Ra.990 (lyr.), cf. Eq.261 (troch.), V.617 (anap.), and v. Κεχηναῖοι.
3. yawn from weariness, ennui, or inattention, Id.Ach.30; “ὅταν σύ που ἄλλοσε χάσκῃςId.Eq.1032 (hex.), cf. Lys.426; χάσκεις αὐτός; are you yawning? paying no attention? Mnesim.4.22 (anap.).
4. metaph., ἀναπληροῦν τὸ κεχηνὸς τῆς ἑρμηνείας fill the lacuna, A.D. Synt.266.22.
II. less freq., speak with open mouth, utter, c. acc., “σὲ δὴ τὰ δεινὰ ῥήματ᾽ . . καθ᾽ ἡμῶν . . χανεῖν;S.Aj.1227; “τοῦτ᾽ ἐτόλμησεν χανεῖν;Ar.V.342 (lyr.); “ὀϊζυρόν τι χανοῦσαCall.Ap.24.
III. in Paus.6.21.13, if the text be correct, it must be trans., χανεῖν . . τὴν γῆν . . τὸ ἅρμα opened and swallowed the chariot.—Not in A. (exc. in compd. προσ-, q.v.) or E.; rare in early Prose, exc. Hp.; once in Hdt. (v. supr. 1.1).
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (37):
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    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 133
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    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.68
    • Homer, Iliad, 8.150
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    • Homer, Iliad, 17.417
    • Plato, Republic, 529b
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1227
    • Xenophon, On the Art of Horsemanship, 10.7
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.350
    • Homer, Iliad, 20.168
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    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 508
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    • Hippocrates, De articulis, 30
    • Lucian, Dialogi mortuorum, 6.3
    • Aelian, De Natura Animalium, 3.20
    • Philostratus the Athenian, Life of Apollonius of Tyana, 2.7
    • Marcus Aurelius, M. Antonius Imperator Ad Se Ipsum, 3.2
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