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χρέος , τό Ep. χρεῖος Hom. (who also uses χρέος, but only in Od., v. infr. 1.1): Att. χρέως Phryn.370, Moeris p.403 P., Theod.1.360H. (and this form appears in codd. of D.25.69, 33.24, 38.14, 40.37, 42.5; but χρέος in Pl.Plt.267a, Lg.958b): gen.
A.χρείουςE.IA373 (troch., s. v.l.), “χρέουςLys.17.5 codd., “χρέωςD.49.18 (and so Choerob.l.c.); no dat. occurs in Ep. forms:—pl., nom. and acc. “χρέα^Hes.Op.647, “χρέα_Ar.Nu.39, 443 (anap.), cf. Isoc.21.13, Pl.Lg. 684e, etc.; Arc. χρήατα (but Schwyzer [665] χρῆα τά) IG5(2).343.20, 27 (Orchom., iv B. C.); gen. “χρεῶνAr.Nu.13,117, Pl.R.566a, etc.; Ep. “χρειῶνHes.Op.404 (χρεέων cj. Rzach); Ep. dat. “χρέεσιMan. 4.135; “χρήεσσιA.R.3.1198: (χράομαι, χρή):
I. that which one needs must pay, obligation, debt,Ἄρης . . χρέος καὶ δεσμὸν ἀλύξαςOd. 8.353, cf. 355; χρεῖος ἀποστήσασθαι, i.e. pay it in full, Il.13.746: esp. of the obligation to restore or pay for 'lified' cattle and plunder, so the heralds of the Pylians summoned to share in booty all οἷσι χρεῖος ὀφείλετ᾽: . . πολέσιν γὰρ Ἐπειοὶ χρεῖος ὄφειλον (where Sch. A, τὰ περιελασθέντα ἐκ τῆς Πύλου ὑπὸ τῶν Ἐπειῶν θρέμματα χρέως καλεῖ) Il. 11.686, cf. Od.3.367, 21.17; later simply, debt,αὐτὸς ἔτεισε . . χρέοςThgn.205; ἀρᾶς τίνει χ. pays the debt demanded by the curse, A.Ag. 457 (lyr.); μή τι πέρα χρέος . . πόλει προσάψῃς debt, i. e. guilt, S.OC235 (lyr.); χ. πράσσειν τινά exact payment of a debt from one, Pi.O.3.7; ἐμὸν καταίσχυνε χ. dishonoured my debt, i.e. dishonoured me for not paying my debt, for not keeping my promise, ib.10(11).8; τεὸν χ. the debt due to thee, Id.P.8.33: in Com. and Prose, χ. ἀποδιδόναι repay a debt, Hdt.2.136 (where also we have χ. διδόναι to give a loan, and χ. λαμβάνειν to receive a loan), cf. Ar.Nu.117, Pl.Plt.267a; ἔχω χ. ὡς εἰπεῖν οὐδὲν ἀνδρὸς Ἕλληνος I know of nothing that 1 owe to any man of Greece, Hdt.3.140; “χ. ἀπαιτεῖνPlu.Oth.2; “τὰ ὑπάρχοντα τῶν χ. ἀνεῖσθαιId.Sol.15; τὸ ἐπὶ τὴν τράπεζαν χρέως (sc. ὀφειλόμενον) D.33.24; καλὸν εἰς ἄλοχον θέμενος χ., like χάριν θέσθαι (v. “τίθημιA. 11.7 fin.), Epigr. in Arch.Pap.1.220 (Ptolemaic); “ἔχειν εἴς τι χ.Plu.Caes.48: pl., debts, Hes.Op.647, Ar.Nu.13, etc.; “χρειῶν λύσιςHes.Op.404; “χρέα ἀπολαβεῖνAnd.3.15; “χρέα ἐπὶ τόκοις ὀφειλόμεναIs.11.42; τὴν οὐσίαν ἅπασαν χρέα κατέλιπον left all the property in outstanding debts, D.38.7; εἰσπραχθέντα χρέα ibid.; ἐκπληρῶσαι τὸ χ. ἅπαν pay it, Pl.Lg.958b; “τὸ χ. διαλυέτωSIG306.46 (Tegea, iv B. C.), cf. Plu.Luc.20 (Pass.); “πρὸς τὰ χ. ἀπάγεσθαιPlb.38.11.10, D.H.4.9:—cf. ἀποκοπή.
2. metaph., the debt that all must pay, fate, death,οὐκ ἔστι τὸ χ. φυγεῖνAlciphr.1.25; “τὸ τῆς ψυχῆς ἀπαιτηθεὶς χ.LXXWi.15.8; also “ἂν μή τις θᾶττον ὡς χ. ἀποδιδῷ τὸ ζηνPl.Ax.367b; ὁπότε εἰς τὸν ἀέρα ἀναδράμῃ τὸ χ. (sc. ψυχή, regarded as lent to the body) Vett.Val.330.33.
2. almost = χρῆμα, thing, τί χρέος; = τί χρῆμα; A.Ag.85 (anap.), E.Heracl.95 (lyr.), cf. S.OC251 (lyr.); “ἐφ᾽ τι χ. ἐμόλετεE.Or.150 (lyr); “τί χ. ἔβα δωμα;Id.Fr.1011 (lyr.); “τί καινὸν ἦλθε δώμασιν χ.;Id.HF530, cf. Ar. Nu.30 (with play on signf.1), Theoc.24.66.
3. ἐλάφους, μέγα τι χ. (cf. “χρῆμα11.3) Call.Dian.100.
2. elsewh. κατὰ χρέος means according to what is needful, in due fashion, h.Merc.138, A.R.3.189, Arat.343.
V. τὸ συνδρῶν χ. the circumstance of being an accomplice, E.Andr.337.
2. value, validity, υηδὲν ἐς χρῆος (or χρέος ἤμην τὰν δόσιν the gift shall be of no value, i. e. invalid, Leg.Gort.10.24, cf. 31.
VII. παρὰ χρέος, = παραχρῆμα, Call.Aet.Oxy.2080.14 (παραχρῆμ᾽ ap.Stob.), Nic.Al.614 (prob. orig. = signf. VIII).
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (62):
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