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χρῆμα , ατος, τό: (χράομαι):—
A.need, in the phrase παρὰ χ. or παραχρῆμα (q. v.); a thing that one needs or uses, cf. X.Oec.1.9 sq. (pl.): hence in pl., goods, property (“χρήματα λέγομεν πάντα ὅσων ἀξία νομίσματι μετρεῖταιArist.EN1119b26), Od.2.78, 203, al. (never in Il.), Hes.Op.320, 407, etc.; of temple-treasures, heirlooms, etc., Mnemos. 57.208 (Argos, vi B. C.); “τὰ ἱρὰ χ. τῆς ἈθηναίηςHdt.2.28, cf. 9.81; “θησαυρούς . . ἄλλα τε χρύσεα ἄφατα χ.Id.7.190; “πολλῶν χ. ἐξαίρετον ἄνθοςA.Ag.954; “πειρῶ τὸν πλοῦτον χρήματακαὶ κτήματα κατασκευάζειν: ἔστι δὲ χ. μὲν τοῖς ἀπολαύειν ἐπισταμένοις, κ. δὲ τοῖς κτᾶσθαι δυναμένοιςIsoc.1.28; “τοῖς σκεύεσι καὶ τοῖς χρήμασιν ἀποθήκηTh.6.97; πρόβατακαὶ ἄλλα χ.X.An.5.2.4; τὰ ἀνδράποδα . . καὶ χρήματα τὰ πλεῖστα ἀπέδρα αὐτούς ib.7.8.12: prov., χρήματα ψυχὴ πέλεται . . βροτοῖσι a man's money is his life, Hes.Op.686; χρήματ᾽ ἄνηρ 'money makes the man', Alc.49, Pi.I.2.11; “ἐν χρήμασιν οἰκεῖ πατρώοιςA.Eu.757, cf. Ch.135; also “χρημάτων πένητεςE.El.37; “τὰ χρήματ᾽ ἐνεχυράζομαιAr.Nu.241; “χρήματα πορίζεινId.Ec.236; “ἄτιμοι ἦσαν τὰ σώματα, τὰ δὲ χ. εἶχονAnd.1.74; “χρημάτων ἥσσωνDemocr.50; “χρημάτων κρείσσωνTh.2.60; χρήμασι νικώμενος ibid.; χρημάτων ἀδωρότατος ib. 65; “ἐλπίδα χρήμασιν ὠνητήνId.3.40; “μήτε χρημάτων φειδομένους μήτε πόνωνPl.Phd.78a; “ζημιοῦσθαι χρήμασινId.Lg.721b; even of debts, “διαλῦσαι τὰ χ.D.20.12; “δεθέντ᾽ ἐπὶ χρήμασιν ἐν τῷ δεσμωτηρίῳId.24.168.—Acc. to Poll.9.87 the Ion. used also the sg. in this sense, and so we find, ἐπὶ κόσῳ ἂν χρήματι . . ; for how much money . . ? Answ. ἐπ᾽ οὐδενί, Hdt.3.38; ταύτην (sc. τὴν χλανίδαπωλέω μὲν οὐδενὸς χ. δίδωμι δὲ ἄλλως ib.139; also in Thgn.197, χ. δ᾽ μὲν Διόθεν καὶ σὺν δίκῃ ἀνδρὶ γένηται; in Att., οὐδενὸς ἂν χ. δεξάμενοι at no price, And.2.4; and in later Prose, fund, sum of money, Arch. f. Religionswiss.10.211 (Cos, ii B. C.); “τὸ πλῆθος τοῦ χ.D.S.13.106, cf. Act.Ap.4.37, Luc.VH1.20; “χρήματαmerchandise, Heraclit. 90, X.HG1.6.37, Th.3.74; property, substance, Berl.Sitzb.1927.161 (Cyrene).
II. generally, thing, matter, affair, esp. in Ep. and Ion., h.Merc.332, Hes.Op.344,402; “χρημάτων ἄελπτον οὐδένArchil. 74; “πάντων χ. δικαιότατονMimn.8; “πρῶτον χρημάτων πάντωνHdt.7.145; ἀντὶ πάντων χ. on every account, And.2.21; δεινότατον ἁπάντων χρημάτων ib.1; πᾶν χ. ἐκίνεε 'left no stone unturned', Hdt.5.96; τεκμαίρει χρῆμ᾽ ἕκαστον 'deeds show the man', Pi.O.6.74; “πάντων χ. μέτρον ἄνθρωποςProtag.1; περαίνεται τὸ χ. the issue is being decided, Plu.Caes.47: pl., simply, things,ὁμοῦ πάντα χ. ἦνAnaxag.1, cf. Pl.Cra.440a, Euthd.294d, Plot.4.2.1.
2. χρῆμα is freq. expressed where it might be omitted, “δεινὸν χ. ἐποιεῦντοHdt.8.16; οἷόν τι χ. ποιήσειε ib.138; ἐς ἀφανὲς χ. ἀποστέλλειν ἀποικίην to send out a colony without any certain destination, Id.4.150; freq. in Trag., τί χρῆμα; = τί; what?τί χ. λεύσσω;A.Pr.300, Ch.10; or why? E.Alc.512; so in gen., τοῦ χ. (sc. ἕνεκα); Ar.Nu.1223; “τί χ. δρᾷς;S.Aj.288, cf. Ph.1231; “τί χ. πάσχει;E. Hipp.909; τί δ᾽ ἐστὶ χρῆμα; what is the matter? A.Ch.885; “πικρόν τί μοι δοκεῖ χ. εἶναιPl.Grg.485b; “ἡδύId.Tht.209e, al.; μάλιστα χρημάτων most of anything, i. e. certainly, Anon.Oxy.1611.68 (iii A. D.); cf. “χρέος11.2.
3. used in periphrases to express something strange or extraordinary of its kind, ὑὸς χ. μέγα a huge monster of a boar, Hdt.1.36; “ἦν τοῦ χειμῶνος χ. ἀφόρητονId.7.188; τὸ χ. τῶν νυκτῶν ὅσον what a business the nights are! Ar.Nu.2; λιπαρὸν τὸ χ. τῆς πόλεως what a grand city! Id.Av.826, cf. Lys.83; κλέπτον τὸ χ. τἀνδρός a thievish sort of fellow, Id.V.933; “τὸ χ. τοῦ νοσήματοςId.Lys.1085; μακάριον . . λέγεις τυράννου χ. your tyrant-creature, Pl.R. 567e; “χ. θαυμαστὸν γυναικόςPlu.Ant.31: without a gen., “ἔλαφον, καλόν τι χ. καὶ μέγαX.Cyr.1.4.8; σοφόν τοι χρῆμ᾽ ἄνθρωπος truly a clever creature is he! Theoc.15.83; κοῦφον χ. ποιητής ἐστιν καὶ πτηνὸν καὶ ἱερόν, of the poet, Pl.Ion534b; χ. καλόν τι such a fine thing! Theoc.15.23; also in a periphrastic use, οὐδὲν χ. τοῦ ἀγκῶνος κάμψαι δύνανται cannot bend the elbow at all, Hp.Fract.42.
III. (χράω (B) A) oracle, Emp.115.1.
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